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Dietary enrichment with the polyunsaturated fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid prevents proteinuria and prolongs survival in NZB x NZW F1 mice.

Abstract
Prostaglandins and related compounds are active mediators of inflammation, but data concerning their role in the pathogenesis of the glomerulonephritis of New Zealand Black x New Zealand White (NZB x NZW) F1 mice are conflicting. Dietary eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5), a fatty acid analogue of arachidonic acid (C20:4), has been shown to impair platelet aggregation in humans, apparently through inhibition of the synthesis of prostaglandins and thromboxanes from arachidonic acid. We report here the effects of a diet high in EPA on the development of renal disease and survival in female NZB x NZW F1 mice. Animals from 4--5 wk of age were fed diets containing 25% lipid, supplied either as beef tallow or menhaden oil, with fatty acid analysis of less than 0.05 and 14.4% EPA, respectively. In the first experiment, by 13.5 mo of age, mice on the beef tallow diet had all (9/9) developed proteinuria and the majority (6/9) had died, with renal histologic examination revealing severe glomerulonephritis. In contrast, none of 10 menhaden oil-fed animals had developed proteinuria, and all were alive at this time (P less than 0.005 for both proteinuria and survival). In a second experiment using 50 mice in each dietary group, 56% of the beef tallow group vs. none of the menhaden oil group had developed proteinuria at 9 mo of age (P less than 0.005). Native DNA binding at 6 mo of age was 23.9 +/- 14.7 vs. 10.1 +/- 9.7% in the beef and menhaden oil groups, respectively (P less than 0.01). Weights were similar in all groups, and there was no evidence of essential fatty acid deficiency in any group. These results demonstrate that a diet high in EPA protects NZB x NZW F1 mice from the development of glomerulonephritis.
AuthorsJ D Prickett, D R Robinson, A D Steinberg
JournalThe Journal of clinical investigation (J Clin Invest) Vol. 68 Issue 2 Pg. 556-9 (Aug 1981) ISSN: 0021-9738 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID7263863 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Dietary Fats
  • Eicosanoic Acids
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
Topics
  • Animals
  • Dietary Fats (therapeutic use)
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Eicosanoic Acids (therapeutic use)
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated (therapeutic use)
  • Glomerulonephritis (diet therapy, prevention & control)
  • Hybridization, Genetic
  • Inflammation (diet therapy)
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred NZB (physiology)
  • Mice, Inbred Strains (physiology)
  • Proteinuria (diet therapy, prevention & control)

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