Potentiation of dimethylhydrazine bowel carcinogenesis in rats.

An animal model of organ-specific chemical carcinogenesis has been used to study environmental effects on the incidence of human colorectal adenocarcinoma. Wistar/Furth weanling rats underwent connection of their urinary and fecal streams (ureterosigmoidostomy), connection of their urinary and fecal streams with proximal fecal diversion (rectal bladder), or sham operations. Age-matched, unoperated control and operated animals then received either no carcinogen, 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) 20 mg/kg body weight, s.c. once weekly for 16 weeks, N-[4-(5-nitro-2-furyl)-2-thiazolylformamide (FANFT) 0.2% of the feed for 16 weeks, or DMH + FANFT concurrently. Thirty-three weeks after carcinogen exposure, surviving animals were killed and examined for bowel and urinary bladder tumors. The incidence of adenocarcinoma of the colon adjacent to the junction between bladder and bowel was significantly higher in animals after ureterosigmoidostomy compared with animals whose fecal stream had been proximally diverted (14/22 vs. 0/34, P less than 0.001). This effect was not dependent upon chemical carcinogen exposure. Nonexposed animals still developed a significantly higher incidence of colon adenocarcinomas adjacent to their bladder-bowel junctions as compared with animals with proximal fecal diversion (5/8 vs. 0/13, P less than 0.01). In unoperated or sham operated animals, adenocarcinomas of the bowel occurred in 33% of DMH-treated animals and transitional cell carcinomas of the urinary bladder in 33% of the FANFT-treated animals. After concurrent exposure to both carcinogens, no increased incidence of bladder tumors was noted when compared with FANFT treatment alone. However, the number of animals with one or more adenocarcinomas of the bowel (22/30 vs. 17/50, P less than 0.001), the mean number of tumors per animal (2.1 +/- 0.2 vs. 1.1 +/- 0.1, P less than 0.01), and the invasiveness of the tumors were all increased after DMH + FANFT as compared with DMH exposure alone. The carcinogenic potential of direct bladder to bowel connection with intact fecal and urinary streams, and the potentiation by FANFT of DMH-induced colon carcinogenesis may have implications in the genesis of human colorectal cancer.
AuthorsG Steele Jr, M Crissey, R Gittes, P Harte, R Wilson, J Corson
JournalCancer (Cancer) Vol. 47 Issue 9 Pg. 2218-21 (May 1 1981) ISSN: 0008-543X [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID7226115 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Dimethylhydrazines
  • Methylhydrazines
  • 1,2-Dimethylhydrazine
  • 1,2-Dimethylhydrazine
  • Adenocarcinoma (chemically induced)
  • Animals
  • Carcinoma, Transitional Cell (chemically induced)
  • Cocarcinogenesis
  • Colonic Neoplasms (chemically induced)
  • Dimethylhydrazines
  • Male
  • Methylhydrazines
  • Neoplasms, Experimental (chemically induced)
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms (chemically induced)
  • Urinary Diversion

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