Serum alpha-mannosidase in patients with alcoholic liver disease.

Sera from 9 persons with either biopsy-proven alcoholic liver disease or a history of chronic, excessive ethanol consumption were analyzed for their content of various hydrolases. Compared to controls, significant elevations in the following enzyme activities were seen in sera from the patient population: acid phosphatase (2.0-fold), beta-glucuronidase (2.1-fold), hexosaminidase (1.4-fold), and alpha-L-fucosidase (2.3-fold). In addition, alpha-mannosidase activity, previously reported to be unchanged in cases of hepatic cirrhosis [Reglero et al., Clinica chim. Acta 130: 155-158], (1980) was found to be significantly increased (p less than 0.001) when assays were performed at acid (pH 4.5) or intermediate (pH 5.5) hydrogen ion concentrations. Fractionation of sera on DEAE-Sephadex columns showed that the increase in alpha-mannosidase activity in the serum of patients with alcoholic liver disease was due to increases in the level of at least one 'acid alpha-mannosidase' and two intermediate pH optimum alpha-mannosidases. The general increase in the activity of a group of glycosidases is consistent with a hypothesis involving decreased clearance of glycoproteins from the blood of persons with hepatic cirrhosis.
AuthorsC N Faber, R H Glew, R T Stanko
JournalEnzyme (Enzyme) Vol. 31 Issue 1 Pg. 1-10 ( 1984) ISSN: 0013-9432 [Print] SWITZERLAND
PMID6714194 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Isoenzymes
  • Acid Phosphatase
  • Hexosaminidases
  • Mannosidases
  • alpha-Mannosidase
  • Glucuronidase
  • alpha-L-Fucosidase
  • Acid Phosphatase (blood)
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Alcoholism (enzymology)
  • Female
  • Glucuronidase (blood)
  • Hexosaminidases (blood)
  • Humans
  • Isoenzymes (blood)
  • Liver (enzymology)
  • Liver Cirrhosis, Alcoholic (enzymology)
  • Liver Diseases, Alcoholic (enzymology)
  • Male
  • Mannosidases (blood)
  • Middle Aged
  • alpha-L-Fucosidase (blood)
  • alpha-Mannosidase

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