The chemotherapy of rodent malaria, XXXVIII. Studies on the activity of three new antimalarials (WR 194,965, WR 228,258 and WR 225,448) against rodent and human malaria parasites (Plasmodium berghei and P. falciparum).

In addition to their blood schizontocidal action on Plasmodium berghei in vivo, two Mannich bases WR 194,965 and 228,258 are also active against chloroquine-sensitive and chloroquine-resistant lines of P. falciparum in vitro. The response of the lines to each drug differs but shows no correlation in either case with response to chloroquine. The 8-aminoquinoline WR 225,448 is also active against P. falciparum in vitro but at much higher concentrations than the Mannich bases. Application of the 'chloroquine-induced pigment clumping (CIPC) test' and the study of ultrastructural changes induced in P. berghei in drug-treated mice indicate that WR 194,965 has a mode of action somewhat resembling that of quinine. WR 228,258 in vitro shows a chloroquine-like effect, but not in vivo, suggesting that its mode of action in vivo is different from that of chloroquine. WR 225,448 has no action in the CIPC in vitro and affects primarily mitochondria of the parasites in vivo. It probably acts through a metabolite. Both pre-erythrocytic and erythrocytic stages of rodent malaria parasites are affected by WR 225,448.
AuthorsW Peters, S G Irare, D S Ellis, D C Warhurst, B L Robinson
JournalAnnals of tropical medicine and parasitology (Ann Trop Med Parasitol) Vol. 78 Issue 6 Pg. 567-79 (Dec 1984) ISSN: 0003-4983 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID6398032 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Aminoquinolines
  • Antimalarials
  • Butylated Hydroxytoluene
  • WR 194965
  • tebuquine
  • WR 225448
  • Chloroquine
  • Aminoquinolines (pharmacology)
  • Animals
  • Antimalarials (pharmacology)
  • Butylated Hydroxytoluene (analogs & derivatives, pharmacology)
  • Chloroquine (pharmacology)
  • Drug Resistance, Microbial
  • Mice
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Plasmodium berghei (drug effects, ultrastructure)
  • Plasmodium falciparum (drug effects)

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