Isolation and characterization of epinectin, a novel adhesion protein for epithelial cells.

A 70,000-mol-wt protein was isolated from A431 carcinoma cell extracellular matrix that promotes cell substratum adhesion of these epidermoid tumor cells. Extracellular matrix was isolated by a modification of a procedure described by Hedman et al. (Hedman, K., M. Kurkinen, K. Alitalo, A. Vaheri, S. Johansson, and M. Höök, 1979 J. Cell Biol., 81:83-91) and Yamada and Weston (Yamada, K., and J. A. Weston, 1974, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 71:3492-3496). Cells were solubilized with 0.5% deoxycholate, 10 mM Tris, 0.9% NaCl, and 1 mM phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride, pH 8.0. The residual matrix was then removed from the plates with 6 M urea and 1 mM phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride and phosphate-buffered saline. SDS PAGE gels of the 6 M urea extract showed one major band at 70,000-mol-wt by Coomassie Blue staining. A 70,000-mol-wt isotopically-labeled band could also be extracted from the matrix of cells incubated with [35S]methionine. Because of the presence of this protein on squamous-derived epithelial cells we have called the 70,000-mol-wt molecule epinectin. Indirect immunofluorescence with polyclonal rabbit antibodies against epinectin stained A431 cells pericellularly in dense punctate accumulations and along the plasma membrane. Enzyme-linked immunoassays and gel-transfer immunolocalization studies showed that the extract did not cross-react with antibodies to fibronectin, laminin, serum-spreading factor, epibolin, or keratin. Additionally, antibodies to epinectin did not cross-react with these proteins. Further studies showed that epinectin does not bind to gelatin. Cell-adhesion assay, using radiolabeled A431 carcinoma cells on various adhesion-promoting substrates, showed that epinectin has similar adhesion-promoting capacity as serum-spreading factor, was somewhat less active than fibronectin, but more effective than laminin or epibolin. Epinectin appears to be a unique protein isolated from epidermoid tumor cells that is distinct from other known adhesion proteins.
AuthorsJ Enenstein, L T Furcht
JournalThe Journal of cell biology (J Cell Biol) Vol. 99 Issue 2 Pg. 464-70 (Aug 1984) ISSN: 0021-9525 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID6378923 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins
  • Immune Sera
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • epinectin
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Cell Line
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Epithelium (ultrastructure)
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins
  • Female
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Humans
  • Immune Sera
  • Molecular Weight
  • Neoplasm Proteins (isolation & purification)
  • Vulvar Neoplasms

Join CureHunter, for free Research Interface BASIC access!

Take advantage of free CureHunter research engine access to explore the best drug and treatment options for any disease. Find out why thousands of doctors, pharma researchers and patient activists around the world use CureHunter every day.
Realize the full power of the drug-disease research network!

Choose Username:
Verify Password: