The effect of various opiate receptor agonists on the seizure threshold in the rat. Is dynorphin an endogenous anticonvulsant?

The effects of various opiate receptor agonists on the seizure threshold after an intravenous infusion of pentylenetetrazol were investigated in rats. The mu- and epsilon-receptor agonists, morphine (20-40 micrograms) and beta-endorphin (5-10 micrograms) show proconvulsant properties towards clonic and tonic seizures. The delta-receptor agonist (D-Ala2,D-Leu5-enkephalin, DADL 5-40 micrograms) and alpha-neoendorphin (20-40 micrograms) show pro- and anticonvulsant properties towards clonic and tonic seizures, respectively. Anticonvulsant properties of DADL are possibly due to its action on the spinal cord, since after the intrathecal injection this effect is still observed. Similarities between DADL and alpha-neoendorphin suggest that they may act through the same receptor. The kappa-receptor agonist dynorphin A (5-20 micrograms) and its degradation-resistant analogue D-Arg-dynorphin1-13 (10 micrograms) show significant anticonvulsant properties. Our present results suggest that the kappa-receptor agonist dynorphin may act physiologically as an endogenous anticonvulsant, in contrast to other opioid peptides.
AuthorsB Przewłocka, L Stala, W Lasoń, R Przewłocki
JournalLife sciences (Life Sci) Vol. 33 Suppl 1 Pg. 595-8 ( 1983) ISSN: 0024-3205 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID6319915 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Convulsants
  • Endorphins
  • Receptors, Opioid
  • Morphine
  • Animals
  • Convulsants
  • Endorphins (pharmacology)
  • Male
  • Morphine (pharmacology)
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Receptors, Opioid (drug effects, physiology)
  • Seizures (physiopathology)
  • Structure-Activity Relationship

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