[Experimental alpha-chymotrypsin model of glaucoma in the rabbit: histopathological studies (author's transl)].

The injection of alpha-chymotrypsin into the posterior chamber of the eye is known to produce an experimental ocular hypertension of long duration in animals. The present study reports the pathological changes which occur in the eye during the first nine months after the ocular injection of alpha-chymotrypsin in rabbits. Six weeks after treatment most of the eyes showed a buphthalmia and an intraocular pressure elevation which varied greatly from animal to animal. The anterior chamber angle of the treated eyes showed a progressive enlargement. Several days after the enzyme injection a transient increase in thickness of the cornea and Descemet membrane was noted. Cupping of the optic disc, characterized by a total disappearance of the optic nerve head fibers and an excavation beginning at margins of the retina appeared after four months and in most cases were present seven months after the treatment. More or less prominent retinal degeneration was also evidenced three months after enzyme injection. The results indicate alpha-chymotrypsin-induced occular hypertension in the rabbit leads after several months to pathological change in the eye analogous to that observed in human glaucoma.
AuthorsP Vareilles, G Durand, G Siou, J C Le Douarec
JournalJournal franc╠žais d'ophtalmologie (J Fr Ophtalmol) Vol. 2 Issue 10 Pg. 561-8 (Oct 1979) ISSN: 0181-5512 [Print] FRANCE
Vernacular TitleLe modèle de glaucome expérimental à l'alpha-chymotrypsine chez le lapin: étude histologique.
PMID521608 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Chymotrypsin
  • Animals
  • Anterior Chamber (pathology)
  • Chymotrypsin (pharmacology)
  • Cornea (pathology)
  • Descemet Membrane (pathology)
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Eye (pathology)
  • Glaucoma (chemically induced, pathology)
  • Intraocular Pressure (drug effects)
  • Male
  • Optic Disk (pathology)
  • Rabbits
  • Retina (pathology)
  • Tonometry, Ocular

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