Intercellular junctions in FANFT-induced carcinomas of rat urinary bladder in tissue culture: in situ thin-section, freeze-fracture, and scanning electron microscopy studies.

This paper describes a set of simple methods for comparative light and electron microscopy studies on tissue cultured tumour cells derived from both noninvasive and invasive carcinogen-induced rat urinary bladder carcinomas. Cells are grown on Thermanox plastic coverslips and fixed in situ. Each plastic coverslip is then divided with scissors into four parts: the first is processed for light microscopy, the second for thin-section electron microscopy, the third for freeze-fracture electron microscopy, and the fourth for scanning electron microscopy. In some experiments, portions of the culture which have first been examined by light microscopy are subsequently prepared for electron microscopy. In this way, the culture conditions are kept constant and comparison of structural features (i.e. intercellular junctions) by several preparative techniques is possible. Noninvasive and invasive rat bladder tumour cells, characterized by numerous pleomorphic microvilli, have normal zonulae occludentes at the apices of lateral surfaces of tumour cells in all cultures. In some areas of invasive tumour cells, occludens junctions are focally attenuated, consisting of only one or two strands, and occasionally the strands are discontinuous. Gap junctions, type PF-1, as well as numerous demosomes are present in all cell lines. Thus, intercellular junctions in noninvasive and invasive rate bladder epithelial cell lines bear a striking resemblance to those previously described in the comparable solid primary tumours. These culture systems may be useful for studying factors which influence the formation of intercellular junctions during malignant transformation.
AuthorsB U Pauli, K E Kuettner, R S Weinstein
JournalJournal of microscopy (J Microsc) Vol. 115 Issue 3 Pg. 271-82 (Apr 1979) ISSN: 0022-2720 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID458850 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Animals
  • Carcinoma, Transitional Cell (ultrastructure)
  • Cell Line
  • Desmosomes (ultrastructure)
  • Freeze Fracturing
  • Intercellular Junctions (ultrastructure)
  • Male
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Neoplasms, Experimental (ultrastructure)
  • Rats
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms (ultrastructure)

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