Evidence for a supraspinal analgesic effect with cyclazocine and pentazocine.

The antinociceptive effect of the benzomorphan class of opioid analgesics have been difficult to measure utilizing some of the standard animal pain models. This may be due, in part, to the sedative and/or motor effects associated with these drugs. In addition, it has been proposed that the major site of action for drugs with agonist activity at the kappa opiate receptor is exclusively at the spinal level opposed to both spinal and supraspinal as with the mu receptor agonists such as morphine. The present study examines the antinociceptive effect of the mixed agonist-antagonists cyclazocine and pentazocine utilizing electrical stimulation of the midbrain reticular formation (MRF) as the aversive stimulus in the rat. Animals were trained to escape MRF stimulation by turning a cylindrical manipulandum. An escape threshold was determined by varying the current intensity according to a modification of the psychophysical method of limits. In addition to the determination of the escape threshold the response latency and strength of response was also measured. Both cyclazocine (0.25-1.0 mg/kg) and pentazocine (2.5-12.5 mg/kg) raised the escape threshold in a dose-dependent manner without any concomitant change in the response latency or strength of response. These data suggest that the observed threshold elevation is due to a specific antinociceptive effect. Since the aversive stimulation was delivered supraspinally, the data also suggest that there are supraspinal mechanisms mediated by kappa receptors responsible for this analgesic effect.
AuthorsS Sasson, C Kornetsky
JournalLife sciences (Life Sci) Vol. 38 Issue 1 Pg. 21-6 (Jan 6 1986) ISSN: 0024-3205 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID3941590 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Cyclazocine
  • Pentazocine
  • Analgesia
  • Animals
  • Cyclazocine (pharmacology)
  • Electroshock
  • Escape Reaction (drug effects)
  • Male
  • Pain (drug therapy)
  • Pentazocine (pharmacology)
  • Rats

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