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Gait abnormalities in peroneal nerve paralysis and their corrections by orthoses: a biomechanical study.

Abstract
Stroke, brain injury, incomplete spinal cord injuries, and peripheral neuropathies frequently result in dysfunction of the foot dorsiflexors and evertors. A controlled examination of aspects of these disabilities was conducted with normal volunteers who underwent a temporary peroneal nerve block. The effects of peroneal nerve paralysis were analyzed to quantitatively describe the resulting gait abnormalities and to assess the effectiveness of orthoses in restoring a normal gait pattern. Kinematic and kinetic measurements were made during normal ambulation, ambulation with a right peroneal nerve paralysis, and ambulation with a paralysis and an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) with three different adjustments: a posterior stop set in 5 degrees plantarflexion, a posterior stop set in 5 degrees dorsiflexion, and spring-assisted dorsiflexion. The peroneal paralysis produced abnormalities during both the stance and swing phases of gait. During early stance there was a decrease in the length of the heelstrike phase and a reduction in the peak plantarflexion moment (p less than 0.01). During midstance there was an increase in the range of inversion-eversion achieved suggesting medial-lateral instability (p less than 0.01). The second vertical force peak and the aft-shear force peak were reduced (p less than 0.05) as were the peak dorsiflexion moment and the opposite steplength (p less than 0.01). These reductions are believed to be due to medial-lateral instability during pushoff. Subjects demonstrated a steppage gait during swing phase and increased inversion just prior to heelstrike (p less than 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
AuthorsJ F Lehmann, S M Condon, B J de Lateur, R Price
JournalArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitation (Arch Phys Med Rehabil) Vol. 67 Issue 6 Pg. 380-6 (Jun 1986) ISSN: 0003-9993 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID3718197 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.)
Topics
  • Adult
  • Ankle Joint (physiopathology)
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Female
  • Gait
  • Humans
  • Knee Joint (physiopathology)
  • Male
  • Orthotic Devices
  • Paralysis (physiopathology)
  • Peroneal Nerve

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