Relationship of cheek tooth abrasion to fluoride-induced permanent incisor lesions in livestock.

Teeth from cattle, sheep, and horses that ingested various fluoride intakes and teeth from field studies of these species plus deer, elk, and bison were examined for abnormalities. Approximately 99,000 animals in 322 herds were examined for fluorosis. From field studies, 988 cattle of various ages and with different degrees of dental fluorosis were slaughtered and necropsied. The severity of fluoride-induced mottling, hypoplasia, and abnormal abrasion of paired permanent incisor teeth was correlated with abrasion of premolar and molar (cheek) teeth that form and mineralize at approximately the same age. Severe irregular wear of cheek teeth impaired mastication and resulted in poor utilization of feed and unthriftiness. Excessive amounts of fluoride during tooth formation and mineralization induce characteristic dental changes. Offspring from the fluoride-affected animals did not have discernible fluoride-induced lesions in the deciduous teeth.
AuthorsJ L Shupe, P V Christofferson, A E Olson, E S Allred, R L Hurst
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research (Am J Vet Res) Vol. 48 Issue 10 Pg. 1498-503 (Oct 1987) ISSN: 0002-9645 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID3674560 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
  • Animals
  • Bicuspid (pathology)
  • Cattle
  • Cattle Diseases (chemically induced, pathology)
  • Female
  • Fluoride Poisoning (pathology, veterinary)
  • Fluorosis, Dental (pathology, veterinary)
  • Horse Diseases (chemically induced, pathology)
  • Horses
  • Incisor (pathology)
  • Molar (pathology)
  • Sheep
  • Sheep Diseases (chemically induced, pathology)
  • Tooth Abrasion (pathology, veterinary)

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