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Purification and characterization of alpha-amylase from rat pancreatic acinar carcinoma. Comparison with pancreatic alpha-amylase.

Abstract
alpha-Amylase was purified to apparent homogeneity from normal pancreas and a transplantable pancreatic acinar carcinoma of the rat by affinity chromatography on alpha-glucohydrolase inhibitor (alpha-GHI) bound to aminohexyl-Sepharose 4B. Recovery was 95-100% for both pancreas and tumour alpha-amylases. They were monomeric proteins, with Mr approx. 54000 on SDS/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis. Isoelectric focusing of both normal and tumour alpha-amylases resolved each into two major isoenzymes, with pI 8.3 and 8.7. Tumour-derived alpha-amylase contained two additional minor isoenzymes, with pI 7.6 and 6.95 respectively. All four tumour isoenzymes demonstrated amylolytic activity when isoelectric-focused gels were treated with starch and stained with iodine. Two-dimensional electrophoresis, on SDS/10-20%-polyacrylamide-gradient gels after isoelectric focusing, separated each major isoenzyme into doublets of similar Mr values. Pancreatic and tumour-derived alpha-amylases had similar Km and Ki (alpha-GHI) values, but the specific activity of the tumour alpha-amylase was approximately two-thirds that of the normal alpha-amylase. Although amino acid analysis and peptide mapping with the use of CNBr, N-chlorosuccinimide or Staphylococcus aureus V8 proteinase gave comparable profiles for the two alpha-amylases, tryptic-digest fingerprint patterns were different. Antibodies raised against the purified pancreatic alpha-amylase and tumour alpha-amylase respectively showed only one positive band on immunoblotting after gel electrophoresis of crude extracts of rat pancreas and carcinoma, at the same position as that of the purified enzyme. More than 95% of the alpha-amylase activity in the pancreas and in the tumour was absorbed by an excess amount of either antibody, indicating that normal and tumour alpha-amylases are immunologically identical. The presence of additional isoenzymes in the carcinoma, and dissimilarity of tryptic-digest patterns, may reflect an alteration in gene expression or in the post-translational modification of this protein in this heterogeneously differentiated transplantable pancreatic acinar carcinoma.
AuthorsM K Reddy, G D Heda, J K Reddy
JournalThe Biochemical journal (Biochem J) Vol. 242 Issue 3 Pg. 681-7 (Mar 15 1987) ISSN: 0264-6021 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID3496084 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Amino Acids
  • Isoenzymes
  • alpha-Amylases
Topics
  • Amino Acids (analysis)
  • Animals
  • Carcinoma (enzymology)
  • Catalysis
  • Chromatography, Affinity
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Isoenzymes (immunology, isolation & purification)
  • Pancreas (enzymology)
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms (enzymology)
  • Peptide Mapping
  • Rats
  • alpha-Amylases (immunology, isolation & purification)

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