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[Intrathecal ACNU against malignant leptomeningeal tumors--toxicity and therapeutic effect in experimental animals].

Abstract
Leptomeningeal dissemination is one of the major causes which increase the morbidity and mortality of the patients with malignant brain tumors. The incidence of this complication is increasing, however, no sufficient treatment is available at present. Therefore, in an attempt to establish a new treatment, we studied toxicity and therapeutic effect of intrathecal ACNU (nimustine hydrochloride) using experimental animals. Systemic and local toxicity was tested in normal rats that received ACNU intracisternally. The animals given ACNU more than 3.0 mg/kg progressively lost their body weight, and ACNU 6.0 mg/kg was fatal in 80% of animals. Animals given ACNU less than 1.5 mg/kg gained weight in the same rate as in control animals. Increased capillary permeability to intravenous Evans blue was observed in the subpial region of the brain in the rats given ACNU 6.0 mg/kg intracisternally. The increase of capillary permeability was dominant along the ambient cistern, hypocampal fissure, and at the base of the brain. Demyelinization and loss of neurons were seen in the same areas as well. These changes were not observed in the animal given ACNU less than 1.5 mg/kg. Therapeutic effect of intrathecal ACNU against the leptomeningeal tumor was studied in rats with meningeal carcinomatosis which was induced by intracisternal inoculation of 1 X 10(4) cells of Walker 256 carcinosarcoma. The median survival times of the animal given ACNU 1.5 mg/kg intrathecally on day 2 or 5 after tumor inoculation were prolonged by 55 to 64%, and 64 to 145%, respectively, as compared to those of untreated control animals (p less than 0.01).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
AuthorsM Nagatani, N Arita, Y Ushio, T Hayakawa, H Tzuu-Yuan, T Yoshimine, S Mori, H Mogami
JournalNò„ to shinkei = Brain and nerve (No To Shinkei) Vol. 38 Issue 11 Pg. 1071-5 (Nov 1986) ISSN: 0006-8969 [Print] JAPAN
PMID3468960 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Nitrosourea Compounds
  • Nimustine
Topics
  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents (administration & dosage, adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Arachnoid
  • Glioma (drug therapy)
  • Meningeal Neoplasms (drug therapy)
  • Nimustine
  • Nitrosourea Compounds (administration & dosage, adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Pia Mater
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains

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