Effects of splenectomy on serum lipids and experimental atherosclerosis.

The authors examined the effects of splenectomy on serum lipids in patients with hematologic disease, in rabbits, and also in cholesterol-fed rabbits with experimental atherosclerosis. Serum cholesterol was determined in patients with hypersplenism before and after splenectomy. Meanwhile serum lipids were determined in two groups of rabbits: splenectomy group (Spx group, n = 19), and sham operation group (Sham group, n = 14) before and after the operation. Then the rabbits were divided into four subgroups: cholesterol-fed groups--Spx-C (n = 12) and Sham-C (n = (9), and normal-chow-fed groups--Spx-N (n = 7) and Sham-N (n = 5). The Spx-C and the Sham-C rabbits were fed 1% cholesterol diet and the Spx-N and Sham-N rabbits were fed normal chow for twelve weeks. In patients preoperative serum cholesterol levels were low, and significant increase in serum cholesterol was observed following splenectomy. In rabbits, the Spx-C group showed significantly higher levels of serum cholesterol, triglycerides, and phospholipids in contrast to lower levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol, as compared with the Sham-C group. The percentage of aortic plaque area in the Spx-C group tended to be higher than that in the Sham-C group. On the other hand, the Spx-N and the Sham-N group showed no difference in serum lipids during twelve weeks. The worsening of atherosclerosis in the Spx-C group was considered to be mainly due to an enhanced hyperlipidemia. Their results suggest a possible role of the spleen in lipid metabolism, in particular the existence of a splenic factor that can cause hypocholesterolemia in hyperplenism and can suppress hyperlipidemia.
AuthorsK Asai, M Kuzuya, M Naito, C Funaki, F Kuzuya
JournalAngiology (Angiology) Vol. 39 Issue 6 Pg. 497-504 (Jun 1988) ISSN: 0003-3197 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID3377269 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Cholesterol, HDL
  • Phospholipids
  • Triglycerides
  • Cholesterol
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anemia, Aplastic (blood)
  • Animals
  • Arteriosclerosis (blood)
  • Child
  • Cholesterol (blood)
  • Cholesterol, HDL (blood)
  • Female
  • Hemoglobinopathies (blood)
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Phospholipids (blood)
  • Primary Myelofibrosis (blood)
  • Purpura, Thrombocytopenic (blood)
  • Rabbits
  • Spherocytosis, Hereditary (blood)
  • Splenectomy
  • Triglycerides (blood)

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