Effects of long-term treatment with 120 mg of sustained-release isosorbide dinitrate and 60 mg of sustained-release nifedipine on myocardial perfusion.

Forty patients with coronary artery disease and scintigraphically proven myocardial ischemia were randomized into 2 groups receiving 4 weeks of treatment with either 120 mg of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) release or 60 mg of nifedipine release. Control exercise testing and myocardial scintigraphy were continued until anginal pains occurred, and repeated at identical individual workloads at the end of the 4 weeks of drug therapy. Myocardial scintigrams were evaluated by quantitative recording of counts in 60 segments/frame. Twenty patients in the ISDN group (group I) exhibited 47 significantly ischemic areas. The remaining 20 patients (group II), treated with nifedipine, had 50 ischemic areas before therapy. In the ischemic areas in group I, there was a mean difference of 30.9% between counts at rest and during exercise in the pretreatment period, and a difference of 18.1% after therapy (39.0%). In group II, the pretreatment difference was 28.8%, decreasing to 20.6% after therapy (17.8%). Both groups of patients were subsequently subdivided into 3 subsets: (1) significantly improved perfusion, (2) significant worsening, and (3) unchanged myocardial perfusion. Group I had 59.5% of areas with significant improvement and 10.6% of areas with significant worsening. In 29.7% of the areas, the findings were unchanged. Group II had improvement in 40% of areas, of significantly worsened areas in 6%, and unchanged areas in 54%, in both groups myocardial ischemia was reduced by therapy, but ISDN improved myocardial perfusion to a considerably greater extent than did nifedipine.
AuthorsB Stegaru, R Loose, H Keller, J Buss, E Wetzel
JournalThe American journal of cardiology (Am J Cardiol) Vol. 61 Issue 9 Pg. 74E-77E (Mar 25 1988) ISSN: 0002-9149 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID3348141 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial)
Chemical References
  • Nifedipine
  • Isosorbide Dinitrate
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Coronary Circulation (drug effects)
  • Coronary Disease (drug therapy, physiopathology, radionuclide imaging)
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Electrocardiography
  • Exercise Test
  • Female
  • Heart (radionuclide imaging)
  • Humans
  • Isosorbide Dinitrate (administration & dosage)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nifedipine (administration & dosage)

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