Glycolipids of mouse erythroleukemia cells (Friend cells) and their alteration during differentiation.

Neutral and acidic glycosphingolipids of Friend cells were characterized in 1) undifferentiated Friend cells (745A), 2) differentiated Friend cells induced with dimethyl-sulfoxide, and 3) solid tumors grown in mice after subcutaneous implantation of Friend cells. The structures of the isolated glycosphingolipids were determined by means of compositional analysis, methylation analysis and enzyme treatment. Gangliosides GD1a and N-acetylgalactosaminyl-GD1a, followed by GM1a and GM2, were the main gangliosides in undifferentiated Friend cells. GD1a and N-acetylgalactosaminyl-GD1a accounted for 45 and 25% of the total gangliosides, respectively. On differentiation, ganglioside GM2 decreased significantly, from 10% to a trace amount. In solid tumors, GD1a was the major ganglioside, whereas in contrast to the situation in the cultured cells, N-acetylgalactosaminyl-GD1a was almost completely absent, and ganglioside GM1b, but not GM1a, was detected. In addition, ganglioside GD1 alpha was detected in the solid tumors. Galactosylceramide, glucosylceramide, and lactosylceramide were the main neutral components in both types of cells, while globotetraosylceramide (globoside), IV3-N-acetyl-galactosaminyl globotetraosylceramide (Forssman glycolipid) and gangliotetraosylceramide (GA1) were major in solid tumors grown in vivo.
AuthorsC Rokukawa, K Nakamura, S Handa
JournalJournal of biochemistry (J Biochem) Vol. 103 Issue 1 Pg. 36-42 (Jan 1988) ISSN: 0021-924X [Print] JAPAN
PMID3162909 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Carbohydrates
  • Gangliosides
  • Glycolipids
  • Neuraminidase
  • Animals
  • Carbohydrates (analysis)
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Line
  • Chromatography, Thin Layer
  • Gangliosides (isolation & purification)
  • Glycolipids (isolation & purification, metabolism)
  • Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute (metabolism, pathology)
  • Leukemia, Experimental (metabolism, pathology)
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Mice
  • Neuraminidase

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