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[Nosocomial virus infections].

Abstract
Enveloped viruses, e.g. influenza- or varicella viruses may cause highly contagious airborne infections. Their spread is difficult to control, also in hospitals. In the case of influenza and varicella immune prophylaxis and chemotherapy/chemoprophylaxis are possible. This is of particular significance, since varicella and zoster are of increasing importance for immunocompromized patients. Diarrhea is caused to a large extent by viruses. Rotavirus infections play an important role in infancy, and are frequently acquired in the hospital. In a study on infectious gastroenteritis of infants in a hospital we were able to show that 30 percent of all rotavirus infections were of nosocomial origin. Admission of a rotavirus-excreting patient (or personnel) may start a long chain of rotavirus infections on pediatric wards. Even careful hygienic measures in the hospital can hardly prevent the spread of enterovirus infections. Such infections may be severe and lethal for newborns, as shown by us in a study on an outbreak of echovirus 11 disease on a maternity ward. We have recently obtained data on the "stickiness" of enteroviruses on human skin. This could explain essential features of the spread of enteroviruses in the population.
AuthorsH J Eggers
JournalZentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Mikrobiologie und Hygiene. Serie B, Umwelthygiene, Krankenhaushygiene, Arbeitshygiene, präventive Medizin (Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg B) Vol. 183 Issue 2-3 Pg. 114-9 (Dec 1986) ISSN: 0932-6073 [Print] GERMANY, WEST
Vernacular TitleNosokomiale Virusinfektionen.
PMID3107263 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article, Review)
Topics
  • Chickenpox (transmission)
  • Cross Infection (transmission)
  • Enterovirus Infections (transmission)
  • Gastroenteritis (transmission)
  • Humans
  • Influenza, Human (transmission)
  • Rotavirus Infections (transmission)
  • Virus Diseases (transmission)

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