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Modulation of diphthamide synthesis by 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine in murine lymphoma cells.

Abstract
The histidine derivative diphthamide occurs uniquely in eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (EF-2), and is the specific target for the diphtheria toxin mono(ADP-ribosyl)transferase. The first step in diphthamide biosynthesis may involve the transfer of aminocarboxypropyl moiety from S-adenosylmethionine to the imidazole ring of histidine in EF-2, to yield 2-(3-carboxy-3-aminopropyl)histidine and 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine (MeSAdo). As the possible nucleoside product of the initial reaction in the diphthamide biosynthetic pathway, MeSAdo could be an inhibitor of diphthamide formation. In the present experiments, we have analyzed the effects of MeSAdo on diphthamide synthesis in a MeSAdo phosphorylase-deficient mutant murine lymphoma cell line (R1.1, clone H3). As measured by susceptibility to diphtheria toxin-induced ADP-ribosylation, MeSAdo inhibited the formation of diphthamide in EF-2. The inhibition was not due to a nonspecific effect on protein synthesis. Indeed, exogenous MeSAdo substantially protected the lymphoma cells from the lethal effects of diphtheria toxin. These results suggest that MeSAdo can specifically modulate the biosynthesis of diphthamide in EF-2 in murine malignant lymphoma cells.
AuthorsH Yamanaka, E O Kajander, D A Carson
JournalBiochimica et biophysica acta (Biochim Biophys Acta) Vol. 888 Issue 2 Pg. 157-62 (Sep 19 1986) ISSN: 0006-3002 [Print] NETHERLANDS
PMID3091083 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Deoxyadenosines
  • Diphtheria Toxin
  • Peptide Elongation Factor 2
  • Peptide Elongation Factors
  • Thionucleosides
  • Adenosine Diphosphate Ribose
  • Histidine
  • 5'-methylthioadenosine
  • diphthamide
  • S-Adenosylmethionine
  • Purine-Nucleoside Phosphorylase
  • 5'-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase
  • Adenosine
Topics
  • Adenosine (analogs & derivatives, pharmacology)
  • Adenosine Diphosphate Ribose (metabolism)
  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Deoxyadenosines
  • Diphtheria Toxin (toxicity)
  • Histidine (analogs & derivatives, biosynthesis)
  • Lymphoma (metabolism)
  • Mice
  • Peptide Elongation Factor 2
  • Peptide Elongation Factors (metabolism)
  • Purine-Nucleoside Phosphorylase (metabolism)
  • S-Adenosylmethionine (metabolism)
  • Thionucleosides (pharmacology)

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