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A 7-phenyl substituted triazolopyridazine has inverse agonist activity at the benzodiazepine receptor site.

Abstract
To investigate further the structural requirements for benzodiazepine (BZD) receptor ligands, we synthesized SR 95195, [7-phenyl-3-methyl-1,2,4-triazolo-(4,3-b) pyridazine], a positional isomer of the 6-phenyl-triazolo-pyridazines, which were the first non-BZD derivatives to exhibit high affinity for the BZD receptor and BZD-like activity in vivo. In vitro, SR 95195 displaced specifically bound [3H]-flunitrazepam from rat cerebellar and hippocampal membranes with respective IC50 values of 4 and 8 microM. In vivo, SR 95195 lacked BZD-like activity. At high doses SR 95195 induced clonic seizures in mice (threshold convulsant dose: 150 mg kg-1; CD50: 160 mg kg-1 i.p.) which were antagonized by Ro 15-1788. At non-convulsant doses (25 mg kg-1 i.p. and 100 mg kg-1 i.p.) SR 95195 significantly decreased punished responding in an operant conflict procedure in the rat, suggesting SR 95195 has intrinsic anxiogenic activity. SR 95195, in mice, reversed the anticonvulsant and myorelaxant actions of diazepam 3 mg kg-1, orally (respective ED50 values: 45 mg kg-1 i.p. and 44 mg kg-1 i.p.). In an operant-conflict test in rats, SR 95195 at non-anxiogenic doses, antagonized the disinhibitory action of diazepam 4 mg kg-1, i.p. (ED50: 8.6 mg kg-1, i.p.), but not that of pentobarbitone 15 mg kg-1, i.p. It is concluded that SR 95195 has the pharmacological profile of an inverse BZD agonist and that displacing the phenyl from the 6- to the 7-position in the triazolopyridazine series causes a shift from agonist to inverse agonist type activity at the BZD receptor site.
AuthorsK Biziere, J J Bourguignon, J P Chambon, M Heaulme, A Perio, S Tebib, C G Wermuth
JournalBritish journal of pharmacology (Br J Pharmacol) Vol. 90 Issue 1 Pg. 183-90 (Jan 1987) ISSN: 0007-1188 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID3028557 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Convulsants
  • Pyridazines
  • Receptors, GABA-A
  • 7-phenyl-3-methyl-1,2,4-triazolo-(4,3b)pyridazine
  • Flumazenil
  • Flunitrazepam
  • Diazepam
Topics
  • Animals
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Brain (metabolism)
  • Conditioning, Operant (drug effects)
  • Convulsants
  • Diazepam (antagonists & inhibitors)
  • Female
  • Flumazenil (metabolism, pharmacology)
  • Flunitrazepam (metabolism)
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Pyridazines (metabolism, pharmacology)
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Receptors, GABA-A (metabolism)
  • Structure-Activity Relationship

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