Functional relations of crab molt-inhibiting hormone and neurohypophysial peptides.

Biological and immunological relationships between molt-inhibiting hormone (MIH) activity in eyestalk ganglia extracts of the crab, Cancer antennarius Stimpson, and peptides of the vasopressin-oxytocin family were assessed. Lysine vasopressin (LVP), arginine vasopressin (AVP), vasotocin (VT), and oxytocin (OT) mimicked MIH action by inhibiting ecdysteroid production of Y-organ segments in vitro with the relative potencies LVP greater than AVP greater than VT much much greater than OT. The inhibitory effect was reversible and specific (6 other peptides did not alter Y-organ activity). MIH and LVP increased Y-organ cyclic adenosine 3',5' monophosphate (cAMP) levels dose-dependently and with identical time course in which the rise in cAMP preceded inhibition of ecdysteroid production. The synthetic vasopressin antidiuretic agonist 1-deamino-8-D-AVP (dDAVP) inhibited Y-organ steroidogenesis dose-dependently; the vasopressin analog ([1(B-mercapto-beta, beta-cyclopentamethylenepropionic acid), 2-(O-methyl)tyrosine[AVP) (d(CH2)5Tyr(Me)AVP), a vasopressor antagonist, had no effect on basal or MIH-suppressed steroidogenesis. AVP antiserum abolished the inhibitory action of MIH, LVP, and AVP. Competitive binding curves for MIH, LVP, AVP, VT, and OT with the AVP antiserum suggested that MIH is most closely related to LVP. MIH may be structurally related to the vasopressins and act on Y-organ cells via type V2 (cAMP-linked) receptors.
AuthorsM P Mattson, E Spaziani
JournalPeptides (Peptides) 1985 Jul-Aug Vol. 6 Issue 4 Pg. 635-40 ISSN: 0196-9781 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID2999730 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S., Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Invertebrate Hormones
  • Pituitary Hormones, Posterior
  • molt-inhibiting hormone
  • Ecdysterone
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Animals
  • Brachyura (physiology)
  • Cyclic AMP (metabolism)
  • Ecdysterone (antagonists & inhibitors)
  • Female
  • Ganglia (drug effects, physiology)
  • Invertebrate Hormones (physiology)
  • Kinetics
  • Pituitary Hormones, Posterior (pharmacology)
  • Structure-Activity Relationship

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