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Iron-induced lipid peroxidation and inhibition of proliferation in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells.

Abstract
The purpose of this study was to find further experimental evidence for the postulated negative association between the extent of lipid peroxidation in tumor cells and their proliferative behavior. After incubation of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells at 37 degrees C for 30 min with increasing concentrations of Fe(II) histidinate (Fe/His) the following parameters were determined: the formation of lipid hydroperoxides was measured fluorimetrically after reaction with dichlorofluorescein; 4-hydroxynonenal was determined by reversed-phase high-pressure chromatography after derivatization with dinitrophenylhydrazine; as a third parameter of lipid peroxidation the formation of 2-thiobarbituric-acid-reactive substances was determined. The proliferative activity was determined by measuring the growth rate in vivo after reimplantation i.p. of the tumor cells into mice. Trypan-blue exclusion tests for viability were performed before reimplantation. The reliability of the trypan-blue exclusion tests was checked by comparing the results with another parameter of viability, the release of the cytosolic enzyme lactate dehydrogenase. The concentration both of lipid hydroperoxides and of 2-thiobarbituric-acid-reactive substances showed a biphasic dependence on the concentration of Fe/His with maximal increase at iron concentrations of 0.25 mM and 0.1 mM respectively. 4-Hydroxynonenal, in contrast, showed a continuous increase up to 41.1 nM (corresponding to 0.58 pmol/10(9) cells) with increasing iron concentration in the range from 0.1 mM to 0.6 mM. The total number of tumor cells, when determined 5 days after reimplantation, continuously decreased with increasing iron concentration, showing half-maximal inhibition at about 0.22 mM Fe. The exclusion of the trypan-blue dye was unaffected by the presence of iron at any concentration used. Similarly, iron had no influence on the release of lactate dehydrogenase. The results support the hypothesis that 4-hydroxynonenal may act as an inhibiting messenger between endogenic lipid peroxidation and proliferation.
AuthorsH M Tillian, A Hammer, E Kink, R J Schaur, E Schauenstein
JournalJournal of cancer research and clinical oncology (J Cancer Res Clin Oncol) Vol. 115 Issue 1 Pg. 79-83 ( 1989) ISSN: 0171-5216 [Print] GERMANY, WEST
PMID2921275 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Organometallic Compounds
  • ferrous histidinate
  • Histidine
  • Iron
Topics
  • Animals
  • Carcinoma, Ehrlich Tumor (metabolism, pathology)
  • Cell Division (drug effects)
  • Female
  • Histidine (pharmacology)
  • Iron (pharmacology)
  • Lipid Peroxidation (drug effects)
  • Mice
  • Organometallic Compounds (pharmacology)

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