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Successful vaccination with a polyvalent live vector despite existing immunity to an expressed antigen.

Abstract
A global vaccination strategy must take into account production and delivery costs as well as efficacy and safety. A heat-stable, polyvalent vaccine that requires only one inoculation and induces a high level of humoral and cellular immunity against several diseases is therefore desirable. A new approach is to use live microorganisms such as mycobacteria, enteric bacteria, adenoviruses, herpesviruses and poxviruses as vaccine vectors. A potential limitation of live polyvalent vaccines, however, is existing immunity within the target population not only to the vector, but to any of the expressed antigens. This could restrict replication of the vector, curtail expression of antigens, and reduce the total immune response to the vaccine. Recently acquired immunity to vaccinia virus can severely limit the efficacy of a live recombinant vaccinia-based vaccine, so a strategy involving closely spaced inoculations with the same vector expressing different antigens may present difficulties. We have constructed a recombinant vaccinia virus that expresses surface proteins from two diverse pathogens, influenza A virus haemagglutinin and herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) glycoprotein D. Mice that had recently recovered from infection with either HSV-1 or influenza A virus could still be effectively immunized with the double recombinant.
AuthorsC Flexner, B R Murphy, J F Rooney, C Wohlenberg, V Yuferov, A L Notkins, B Moss
JournalNature (Nature) Vol. 335 Issue 6187 Pg. 259-62 (Sep 15 1988) ISSN: 0028-0836 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID2842693 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Hemagglutinins, Viral
  • Viral Envelope Proteins
  • Viral Vaccines
  • glycoprotein D, Human herpesvirus 1
Topics
  • Animals
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Hemagglutinins, Viral (immunology)
  • Influenza A virus (immunology)
  • Mice
  • Simplexvirus (immunology)
  • Vaccinia virus (immunology)
  • Viral Envelope Proteins (immunology)
  • Viral Vaccines (immunology)

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