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Study of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and the estrogen-regulated Mr 24,000 protein in patients with carcinomas of the endometrium and cervix.

Abstract
The presence of an estrogen-regulated protein with 24,000 molecular weight has been studied in 47 patients with endometrial carcinomas and in 29 patients with cervical carcinomas in order to correlate its presence with that of estrogen receptors (ERs) and progesterone receptors (PgRs). In the cytosol tumor samples the Mr 24,000 protein was detected by the Western blot technique using a monoclonal antibody (C11), while the presence of ER and PgR was studied by the one-point dextran-coated charcoal assay. In the tumor tissue sections immunohistochemistry was applied to detect Mr 24,000 protein, ER, and PgR; in these cases monoclonal antireceptor antibodies (H222 and mPRI) were used to localize the receptor proteins. In endometrial and endocervical adenocarcinomas the presence of Mr 24,000 protein correlated significantly with that of ER (P less than or equal to 0.05) in the cytosol samples; when the evaluation was performed in the tumor sections, the presence of Mr 24,000 protein correlated with that of ER (P less than or equal to 0.005) and PgR (P less than or equal to 0.05) as well. The study also showed that almost 70% of the well-differentiated adenocarcinomas had ER, PgR, and Mr 24,000 protein. In 25% of the endometrial adenocarcinomas examined the tumors were associated with normal, proliferative, and hyperplastic endometrium; in these cases the presence of ER, PgR, and Mr 24,000 protein was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in the malignant and nonmalignant endometrium. On the other hand, there was a lack of correlation between Mr 24,000 protein, ER, and PgR in the squamous carcinomas of the uterine cervix and in the endometrial adenocarcinomas with squamous cells. In most of these cases the tumors lacked ER and PgR although 80% of them contained the Mr 24,000 protein to a variable degree. It is suggested that Mr 24,000 protein is involved in growth and differentiation (the Mr 24,000 protein is a heat shock protein) and that the gene coding of this protein is under hormonal control only in those tissues where growth and differentiation are strongly hormonally controlled (breast and endometrium).
AuthorsD R Ciocca, L A Puy, L C Fasoli
JournalCancer research (Cancer Res) Vol. 49 Issue 15 Pg. 4298-304 (Aug 1 1989) ISSN: 0008-5472 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID2743317 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Estrogens
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Receptors, Estrogen
  • Receptors, Progesterone
Topics
  • Adenocarcinoma (analysis)
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell (analysis)
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Estrogens (pharmacology)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Weight
  • Neoplasm Proteins (analysis)
  • Receptors, Estrogen (analysis)
  • Receptors, Progesterone (analysis)
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms (analysis)
  • Uterine Neoplasms (analysis)

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