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Patient and Provider Perceptions of Weight Gain, Physical Activity, and Nutrition Counseling during Pregnancy: A Qualitative Study.

AbstractOBJECTIVE:
This study investigated patient and provider perceptions of weight gain, physical activity, and nutrition counseling during prenatal care visits.
METHODS:
Individual qualitative interviews were conducted with 30 pregnant women between 20 and 30 weeks gestation (15 African American, 15 White) and 11 prenatal care providers (5 attending physicians, 5 residents, 1 nurse practitioner) in 2014.
RESULTS:
The majority of patients and providers reported receiving or giving advice on weight gain (87% and 100%, respectively), physical activity (87% and 91%), and nutrition (100% and 91%) during a prenatal visit. Discussion of counseling content was largely consistent between patients and providers. However, counseling was limited and not fully consistent with current weight gain, physical activity, or dietary guidelines during pregnancy. Most patients viewed provider advice positively, but some wanted more detailed information. Providers discussed many barriers to lifestyle counseling, including lack of time, inadequate training, concern about the sensitivity of the topic, lower education or income level of the patient, cultural differences, and lack of patient interest.
CONCLUSIONS:
Providers discussed weight gain, physical activity, and nutrition during prenatal care visits and patients accurately recalled this advice. However, counseling was limited and not fully consistent with guidelines. Future studies are needed to develop and evaluate the efficacy of interventions to help providers overcome perceived barriers and more effectively counsel women on weight and healthy lifestyles during pregnancy.
AuthorsKara M Whitaker, Sara Wilcox, Jihong Liu, Steven N Blair, Russell R Pate
JournalWomen's health issues : official publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health (Womens Health Issues) 2016 Jan-Feb Vol. 26 Issue 1 Pg. 116-22 ISSN: 1878-4321 [Electronic] United States
PMID26621605 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
CopyrightCopyright © 2016 Jacobs Institute of Women's Health. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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