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In Vivo Metabolic Trapping Radiotracers for Imaging Monoamine Oxidase-A and -B Enzymatic Activity.

Abstract
The isozymes of monoamine oxidase (MAO-A and MAO-B) are important enzymes involved in the metabolism of numerous biogenic amines, including the neurotransmitters serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine. Recently, changes in concentrations of MAO-B have been proposed to be an in vivo marker of neuroinflammation associated with Alzheimer's disease. Previous developments of in vivo radiotracers for imaging changes in MAO enzyme expression or activity have utilized the irreversible propargylamine-based suicide inhibitors or high-affinity reversibly binding inhibitors. As an alternative approach, we have investigated 1-[(11)C]methyl-4-aryloxy-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridines as metabolic trapping agents for the monoamine oxidases. MAO-mediated oxidation and spontaneous hydrolysis yield 1-[(11)C]methyl-2,3-dihydro-4-pyridinone as a hydrophilic metabolite that is trapped within brain tissues. Radiotracers with phenyl, biphenyl, and 7-coumarinyl ethers were evaluated using microPET imaging in rat and primate brains. No isozyme selectivity for radiotracer trapping was observed in the rat brain for any compound, but in the monkey brain, the phenyl ether demonstrated MAO-A selectivity and the coumarinyl ether showed MAO-B selectivity. These are lead compounds for further development of 1-[(11)C]methyl-4-aryloxy-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridines with optimized brain pharmacokinetics and isozyme selectivity.
AuthorsAllen F Brooks, Xia Shao, Carole A Quesada, Phillip Sherman, Peter J H Scott, Michael R Kilbourn
JournalACS chemical neuroscience (ACS Chem Neurosci) Vol. 6 Issue 12 Pg. 1965-71 (Dec 16 2015) ISSN: 1948-7193 [Electronic] United States
PMID26393369 (Publication Type: Journal Article)

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