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Engineering Human Urate Oxidase: Towards Reactivating It as an Important Therapeutic Enzyme.

Abstract
Urate oxidase is considered as an important therapeutic enzyme used to control hyperuricemia. In spite of widespread distribution in numerous (micro)organisms, active urate oxidase is absent in higher primates (humans and apes) due to gene mutations. Considering the therapeutic significance of urate oxidase, further understanding on the inactivation process of the enzyme during primate evolution is critical. This study, therefore, aims to express genetically modified human urate oxidase in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. Accordingly, the genetically modified human urate oxidase was successfully expressed intracellularly and extracellularly under the control of an alcohol oxidase promoter and was subjected to the enzyme activity assay. The results demonstrated that reactivating the non-functional human urate oxidase gene fully or even moderately by simply replacing the premature stop codons is impossible. This finding confirms the idea that a number of successive loss-of-function missense mutations occurred during evolution, making higher primates functional uricase-deficit and vulnerable to hyperuricemic disorders.
AuthorsFatemeh Dabbagh, Mohammad B Ghoshoon, Shiva Hemmati, Mozhdeh Zamani, Milad Mohkam, Younes Ghasemi
JournalCurrent pharmaceutical biotechnology (Curr Pharm Biotechnol) Vol. 17 Issue 2 Pg. 141-6 ( 2015) ISSN: 1873-4316 [Electronic] Netherlands
PMID26343133 (Publication Type: Journal Article)

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