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125I Seed Implant Brachytherapy for Painful Bone Metastases After Failure of External Beam Radiation Therapy.

Abstract
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and therapeutic efficacy of computed tomography (CT)-guided I seed implant brachytherapy in patients with painful metastatic bone lesions after failure of external beam radiation therapy (EBRT).From August 2012 to July 2014, 26 patients with painful bone metastases after failure of EBRT were treated with CT-guided I seed implant brachytherapy. Patient pain and analgesic use were measured using the Brief Pain Inventory before treatment, weekly for 4 weeks, and every 4 weeks thereafter for a total of 24 weeks. Opioid analgesic medications and complications were monitored at the same follow-up intervals.Before I seed implantation, the mean score for worst pain in a 24-hour period was 7.3 out of 10. Following treatment, at weeks 1, 4, 8, 12, and 24, worst pain decreased to 5.0 (P < 0.0001), 3.0 (P < 0.0001), 2.8 (P < 0.0001), 2.6 (P < 0.0001), and 2.0 (P = 0.0001), respectively. Opioid usage significantly decreased at weeks 4, 8, and 12. Overall response rates of osseous metastases after I seed implantation at 1, 4, 8, 12, and 24 weeks were 58%, 79%, 81%, 82%, and 80%, respectively. Adverse events were seen in 4 patients, including Grade 1 myelosuppression and Grade 1 late skin toxicity.I seed brachytherapy is a safe and effective treatment for patients with painful bone metastases after failure of EBRT.
AuthorsShi Feng, Li Wang, Zhang Xiao, Rakesh Maharjan, Li Chuanxing, Zhang Fujun, Huang Jinhua, Wu Peihong
JournalMedicine (Medicine (Baltimore)) Vol. 94 Issue 31 Pg. e1253 (Aug 2015) ISSN: 1536-5964 [Electronic] United States
PMID26252288 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Observational Study)
Chemical References
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
Topics
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bone Neoplasms (complications, radiography, radiotherapy, secondary)
  • Brachytherapy (methods)
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Iodine Radioisotopes (therapeutic use)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain (diagnosis, etiology)
  • Pain Measurement
  • Radiography, Interventional
  • Radiopharmaceuticals (therapeutic use)
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Treatment Failure
  • Treatment Outcome

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