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Induction and antagonism of pica induced by teriparatide in rats.

Abstract
Intermittent subcutaneous injection of teriparatide, an active fragment of human parathyroid hormone, is clinically used for the treatment of osteoporosis. Patients suffer from nausea, which is one of the side effects teriparatide induces; however, the etiology of teriparatide-induced nausea remains unknown. We have reported pica, kaolin ingestion behavior, can be used as an assessment of nausea-related response in rats. In this study, we investigated the characteristics of teriparatide-induced pica and the abilities of anti-emetic drugs to inhibit teriparatide-induced pica. Male and female adolescent (4-week-old), young (8-week-old), and adult (30-week-old) naive rats, and ovariectomized (OVX: 17-week-old) and sham-operated (17-week-old) rats subcutaneously received teriparatide (0.4mg/kg, n=4), and their kaolin and food intakes were monitored for 24h after the injection. Among the tested rats, we found that OVX rats, rather than male, female, and sham-operated rats, showed marked teriparatide-induced pica (0mg/kg: 0.17±0.07g, 0.4mg/kg: 6.18±0.91g). Teriparatide-induced pica in OVX rats was inhibited by intraperitoneal pretreatment with serotonin 5-HT3 (granisetron 0.5mg/kg), dopamine D2 (prochlorperazine 0.5mg/kg), neurokinin NK1 (fosaprepitant 1mg/kg), and histamine H1 (diphenhydramine 10mg/kg) receptor antagonists to 70%, 11%, 19%, and 59% of that in vehicle-treated control, respectively. These results suggest that teriparatide-induced pica in OVX rats has the potential to reflect teriparatide-induced nausea; 5-HT3, D2, NK1, and H1 receptor activation is involved in the development of this behavior; antagonists of these receptors have the potential to be medical candidates used as treatments for teriparatide-induced nausea in human patients.
AuthorsKouichi Yamamoto, Naoto Kato, Yukihiro Isogai, Tatsuhiko Kuroda, Takayuki Ishida, Atsushi Yamatodani
JournalEuropean journal of pharmacology (Eur J Pharmacol) Vol. 764 Pg. 457-62 (Oct 5 2015) ISSN: 1879-0712 [Electronic] Netherlands
PMID26189023 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
CopyrightCopyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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