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[Correlation analysis of chronic hepatitis C with nodular goiter].

AbstractOBJECTIVE:
To assess the relationship between nodular goiter and hepatitis C virus infection.
METHODS:
Ninety-seven cases of early treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis C were collected for analysis.Data on patient age,sex,hepatitis duration and other general information were collected.In addition, data on clinical measures of thyroid function (including T3, t4, tSH) and thyroid autoantibodies (thyroid peroxidase antibody TPO-Ab, thyroglobulin antibody Tg-Ab), as well as findings from thyroid dimensional ultrasonography were collected. One hundred and eleven cases of early treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis B and 106 eases of females 40 years old or older with high risk of nodular goiter were collected for use as controls.The relationship between nodular goiter with thyroid function, thyroid autoantibodies levels,sex,age,and hepatitis C virus infection were statistically analyzed.
RESULTS:
The prevalence rates of nodular goiter in the chronic hepatitis C group, the chronic hepatitis B group and the more than or equal to 40 year-old women with high risk of nodular goiter were 53.6%,36.9% and 59.4% respectively.The prevalence rates of nodular goiter in the chronic hepatitis C group and the more than or equal to 40 year-old women with high risk of nodular goiter were significantly higber than that in the chronic hepatitis B group (x² values: 5.820 and 10.996, P < 0.05). The average age of patients with chronic hepatitis C combined with nodular goiter was significantly higher than their counterparts without goiter (F=6.408, P < 0.05),and the prevalence rate in the more than or equal to 40 year-old women with high risk of nodular goiter was significantly higher than that of their counterparts who were less than 40 years-old (60.0% vs. 23.5%; x² =7.499, P less than 0.05). The prevalence of nodular goiter in patients with chronic hepatitis C was significantly greater for females than for males (62.1% vs. 41.0%; x 2 =4.152, P < 0.05).The prevalence of nodular goiter in patients with chronic hepatitis C was also significantly higher for females more than or equal to 40 years old than for males (70.2%, 33/47 vs. 45.5%,15/33; x² = 4.952, P < 0.05).The duration of hepatitis, thyroid function and thyroid autoantibodies were similar between the patients in the chronic hepatitis C group with or without nodular goiter.
CONCLUSIONS:
The patients with chronic hepatitis C had a higher prevalence of nodular goiter,with an average of up to 53.6%, than the patients with chronic hepatitis B,and the women the more than or equal to 40 years old had even higher prevalence, at 70.2%, suggesting that patients with chronic hepatitis C should be routinely examined by thyroid ultrasound. Thyroid function and thyroid autoantibodies were not correlated with prevalence of goiter among the chronic hepatitis C patients.
AuthorsDongxu Jiang, Chong Zhang, Yang Ding, Qiuju Sheng, Jingyan Wang, Xiaoguang Dou
JournalZhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology (Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi) Vol. 23 Issue 3 Pg. 175-9 (Mar 2015) ISSN: 1007-3418 [Print] China
PMID25938828 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article)

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