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The effect of neurofeedback on a brain wave and visual perception in stroke: a randomized control trial.

Abstract
[Purpose] This study investigated a brain wave and visual perception changes in stroke subjects using neurofeedback (NFB) training. [Subjects] Twenty-seven stroke subjects were randomly allocated to the NFB (n = 13) group and the control group (n=14). [Methods] Two expert therapists provided the NFB and CON groups with traditional rehabilitation therapy in 30 thirst-minute sessions over the course of 6 weeks. NFB training was provided only to the NFB group. The CON group received traditional rehabilitation therapy only. Before and after the 6-week intervention, a brain wave test and motor free visual perception test (MVPT) were performed. [Results] Both groups showed significant differences in their relative beta wave values and attention concentration quotients. Moreover, the NFB group showed a significant difference in MVPT visual discrimination, form constancy, visual memory, visual closure, spatial relation, raw score, and processing time. [Conclusion] This study demonstrated that NFB training is more effective for increasing concentration and visual perception changes than traditional rehabilitation. In further studies, detailed and diverse investigations should be performed considering the number and characteristics of subjects, and the NFB training period.
AuthorsHwi-Young Cho, Kitae Kim, Byounghee Lee, Jinhwa Jung
JournalJournal of physical therapy science (J Phys Ther Sci) Vol. 27 Issue 3 Pg. 673-6 (Mar 2015) ISSN: 0915-5287 [Print] Japan
PMID25931705 (Publication Type: Journal Article)

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