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Very early mobilization in stroke patients treated with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
There are limited prospective data on the relative safety of very early mobilization of stroke patients after intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (IV rtPA) in stroke patients. We hypothesized that very early patient mobilization within 24 hours after IV rtPA administration for acute ischemic stroke would be safe and feasible.
METHODS:
The study was a prospective observational safety and feasibility study involving very early mobilization of stroke patients by physical therapy/occupational therapy within 24 hours after IV rtPA administration for treatment of ischemic stroke. A premobilization safety checklist was completed before mobilization to ensure hemodynamic stability. We assessed adverse safety events, including changes in patient symptoms, changes in vital signs, and bleeding complications.
RESULTS:
Eighteen patients were enrolled in the study, and informed consent was obtained. One hundred percent of patients were evaluated with a premobilization safety checklist; 72.2% (13 of 18) were mobilized without any adverse event. Eighty-nine percent (42 of 47) of mobilization activities were tolerated without an adverse response. One patient was orthostatic, and 1 patient had transient worsening of hemiparesis. No patient had intracranial bleeding or permanent worsening of neurologic deficits.
CONCLUSIONS:
Very early mobilization within 24 hours of ischemic stroke for patients who receive IV rtPA appears to be relatively safe and feasible in most patients. Patients who are mobilized within 24 hours of IV rtPA require detailed neurologic and vital sign monitoring.
AuthorsScott M Arnold, Maryane Dinkins, Lesia H Mooney, William D Freeman, Bhupendra Rawal, Michael G Heckman, Olivia A Davis
JournalJournal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association (J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis) Vol. 24 Issue 6 Pg. 1168-73 (Jun 2015) ISSN: 1532-8511 [Electronic] United States
PMID25869770 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
CopyrightCopyright © 2015 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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