Efficacy and safety of saxagliptin in older participants in the SAVOR-TIMI 53 trial.

To examine the safety and cardiovascular (CV) effects of saxagliptin in the predefined elderly (≥65 years) and very elderly (≥75 years) subpopulations of the Saxagliptin Assessment of Vascular Outcomes Recorded in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 53 (SAVOR-TIMI 53) trial.
Individuals ≥40 years (n = 16,492; elderly, n = 8,561; very elderly, n = 2,330) with HbA1c ≥6.5% (47.5 mmol/mol) and ≤12.0% (107.7 mmol/mol) were randomized (1:1) to saxagliptin (5 or 2.5 mg daily) or placebo in a double-blind trial for a median follow-up of 2.1 years.
The hazard ratio (HR) for the comparison of saxagliptin versus placebo for the primary end point (composite of CV mortality, myocardial infarction, or ischemic stroke) was 0.92 for elderly patients vs. 1.15 for patients <65 years (P = 0.06) and 0.95 for very elderly patients. The HRs for the secondary composite end points in the entire cohort, elderly cohort, and very elderly cohort were similar. Although saxagliptin increased the risk of hospitalization for heart failure in the overall saxagliptin population, there was no age-based treatment interaction (P = 0.76 for elderly patients vs. those <65 years; P = 0.34 for very elderly patients vs. those <75 years). Among saxagliptin-treated individuals with baseline HbA1c ≥7.6% (59.6 mmol/mol), the mean change from baseline HbA1c at 2 years was -0.69%, -0.64%, -0.66%, and -0.66% for those ≥65, <65, ≥75, and <75 years old, respectively. The incidence of overall adverse events (AEs) and serious AEs was similar between saxagliptin and placebo in all cohorts; however, hypoglycemic events were higher for saxagliptin versus placebo regardless of age.
The SAVOR-TIMI 53 trial supports the overall CV safety of saxagliptin in a robust number of elderly and very elderly participants, although the risk of heart failure hospitalization was increased irrespective of age category. AEs and serious AEs as well as glycemic efficacy of saxagliptin in elderly patients are similar to those found in younger patients.
AuthorsLawrence A Leiter, Hwee Teoh, Eugene Braunwald, Ofri Mosenzon, Avivit Cahn, K M Prasanna Kumar, Alena Smahelova, Boaz Hirshberg, Christina Stahre, Robert Frederich, Francois Bonnici, Benjamin M Scirica, Deepak L Bhatt, Itamar Raz,
JournalDiabetes care (Diabetes Care) Vol. 38 Issue 6 Pg. 1145-53 (Jun 2015) ISSN: 1935-5548 [Electronic] United States
PMID25758769 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Multicenter Study, Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Copyright© 2015 by the American Diabetes Association. Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered.
Chemical References
  • Blood Glucose
  • Dipeptides
  • Dipeptidyl-Peptidase IV Inhibitors
  • Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated
  • saxagliptin
  • Adamantane
  • Adamantane (administration & dosage, adverse effects, analogs & derivatives)
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Blood Glucose (metabolism)
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 (drug therapy, mortality)
  • Diabetic Angiopathies (mortality)
  • Dipeptides (administration & dosage, adverse effects)
  • Dipeptidyl-Peptidase IV Inhibitors (administration & dosage, adverse effects)
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Heart Failure (mortality)
  • Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated (metabolism)
  • Hospitalization (statistics & numerical data)
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction (mortality)
  • Stroke (mortality)
  • Treatment Outcome

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