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[Effect of Bushen Tongdu Capsule on RANK/RANKL/OPG pathway of collagen induced arthritis rats].

AbstractOBJECTIVE:
To study the effect of Bushen Tongdu Capsule (BTC) on RANK/RANKL/ OPG pathway of collagen induced arthritis (CIA) rats, thereby laying theoretic evidence for treating rheumatic arthritis (RA) by Chinese medicine.
METHODS:
RA model was induced by CIA. Totally 42 rats were randomly divided into six groups, i.e., the normal control group, the model group, the low dose BTC (BSL) group, the medium dose BTC (BSM) group, the high dose BTC (BSH) group, and the Tripterygium Glycosides (TG) group, 7 in each group. BTC at the daily dose of 120, 240, and 480 mg/kg was given by gastrogavage to rats in the BSL, BSM, and BSH group respectively from the 13th day of modeling. TG at the daily dose of 24 mg/kg was given by gastrogavage to rats in the TG group. All medication was given once daily, 2 mL each time. Two mL normal saline was administered to rats in the normal control group and the model group. All medication lasted for 18 days. Samples were taken at day 31. The TRAP section of the ankle joint was fixed in 10% formalin for TRAP stain. Serum levels of osteoprotegerin (OPG), receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL), and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) were detected using ELISA.
RESULTS:
Compared with the normal control group, positive reactions of pathological ankle joint section, inflammation, and osteoclasia degree were significantly improved in the model group, serum levels of RANKL and M-CSF were up-regulated, levels of OPG and OPG/RANKL were significantly lowered (all P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, positive reactions of pathological ankle joint section, inflammation, and osteoclasia degree also significantly decreased in the BSH group and the TG group (all P < 0.01). RANKL and M-CSF were significantly down-regulated in each medicated group, while levels of OPG and OPG/RANKL were significantly up-regulated (all P < 0.01). Compared with the TG group, M-CSF was lower, but levels of OPG and OPG/RANKL were significantly up-regulated in the normal control group (all P < 0.01). RANKL and M-CSF were significantly up-regulated, while levels of OPG and OPG/RANKL were significantly down-regulated in the model group and each BS group (all P < 0.01).
CONCLUSION:
BTC could relieve bone damage of CIA rats possibly through regulating and controlling osteoclasts.
AuthorsYang-Chun Zhu, Lin Lin, Xiao-Li Zhou, Rong-Fang Li, Li-Ping Hou
JournalZhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine / Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he xue hui, Zhongguo Zhong yi yan jiu yuan zhu ban (Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi) Vol. 34 Issue 12 Pg. 1487-91 (Dec 2014) ISSN: 1003-5370 [Print] China
PMID25632751 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal
  • Osteoprotegerin
  • RANK Ligand
  • Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B
  • Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
Topics
  • Animals
  • Arthritis, Experimental (metabolism)
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal (pharmacology)
  • Inflammation
  • Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor (metabolism)
  • Osteoclasts
  • Osteoprotegerin (metabolism)
  • RANK Ligand (metabolism)
  • Rats
  • Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B (metabolism)
  • Tripterygium

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