[Direct detection of oxygen free radicals produced by myocardial reperfusion using electron spin resonance spectroscopy].

There is a growing evidence for the role of oxygen free radicals (OFR) in mediating myocardial tissue injury during myocardial ischemia and particularly during reperfusion. But almost all of the evidence was indirect, using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy, we have directly measured OFR generated in ischemic and reperfused isolated rabbit hearts. 17 hearts were rapidly frozen in liquid nitrogen after their arrest by cardioplegic solution and sampled after 150 min of sustained hypothermic global ischemia or after reperfusion. The ESR spectra obtained from experiment have directly demonstrated that OFR is produced in significant amounts in the isolated rabbit hearts during early stage of reperfusion but only small amount during ischemia. The mitochondrial electron transport chain appeared to be the main source of OFR. We found that superoxide dismutase scavenged OFR generated during reperfusion efficiently, but catalase did not. We believe that superoxide anion, not hydroxyl radical, is the main OFR which is responsible for myocardial reperfusion injury. We also found that Salvia, a traditional Chinese medicine, a very efficient OFR scavenger, had the similar effect as superoxide dismutase.
AuthorsW D Yang, H L Zhu, B L Zhao
JournalZhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi (Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi) Vol. 17 Issue 3 Pg. 178-80, 190 (Jun 1989) ISSN: 0253-3758 [Print] CHINA
PMID2557194 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Drug Combinations
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal
  • Free Radicals
  • Phenanthrolines
  • Plant Extracts
  • dan-shen root extract
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Oxygen
  • Animals
  • Drug Combinations (pharmacology)
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal
  • Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Free Radicals
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Myocardial Reperfusion Injury (metabolism)
  • Oxygen (metabolism)
  • Phenanthrolines (pharmacology)
  • Plant Extracts
  • Rabbits
  • Superoxide Dismutase (metabolism)

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