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Functionalized graphene oxide nanoparticles for cancer cell-specific delivery of antitumor drug.

Abstract
The unique reduction-triggered functional graphene oxide nanoparticles (GON) with well-defined size and uniform distribution were designed as an innovative drug delivery platform for cancer treatment for the first time, via the redox radical polymerization of methacrylic acid from the polyethylene glycol (PEG) modified GON (GON-PEG), following by cross-linking with cystamine. Thermogravimetric analysis demonstrates that the typical PMAA2-GON-PEG carriers contain about 16 wt % PEG segments and 33 wt % poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA) brushes. PEG moieties are incorporated to make the drug delivery platforms stealthy during blood circulation. Notably, introducing the cross-linked PMAA brushes efficiently minimizes the premature release of doxorubicin (DOX) in the stimulated normal tissues, and accelerates DOX release in the stimulated tumor tissues through response to reduce agent. The carriers showed a 6-fold faster releasing rate at pH 5.0 in the presence of 10 mM glutathione (GSH) (stimulated tumor tissues) than at pH 7.4 with 10 μM GSH (stimulated normal tissues). In vitro cytotoxicity test also showed that the cross-linked PMAA2-GON-PEG (CPMAA2-GON-PEG) carriers had remarkable cytocompatibility, and that the DOX-loaded CPMAA2-GON-PEG had excellent killing capability to SiHa cells.
AuthorsXubo Zhao, Liangwei Yang, Xiaorui Li, Xu Jia, Lei Liu, Jin Zeng, Jinshan Guo, Peng Liu
JournalBioconjugate chemistry (Bioconjug Chem) Vol. 26 Issue 1 Pg. 128-36 (Jan 21 2015) ISSN: 1520-4812 [Electronic] United States
PMID25525819 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Drug Carriers
  • Oxides
  • Polymethacrylic Acids
  • polymethacrylic acid
  • Polyethylene Glycols
  • Graphite
  • Doxorubicin
Topics
  • Antineoplastic Agents (chemistry, pharmacology)
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Doxorubicin (chemistry, pharmacology)
  • Drug Carriers (chemistry)
  • Drug Liberation
  • Graphite (chemistry)
  • Humans
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Conformation
  • Nanoparticles (chemistry)
  • Oxides (chemistry)
  • Polyethylene Glycols (chemistry)
  • Polymethacrylic Acids (chemistry)

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