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Association of apolipoprotein A5 genetic polymorphisms with steroid-induced osteonecrosis of femoral head in a Chinese Han population.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
Previous studies suggested that apolipoprotein A5 (ApoA5) genetic polymorphisms (SNPs) may result in lipid metabolism disorders. Therefore, genetic polymorphisms in ApoA5 may be associated with the occurrence of osteonecrosis of femoral head (ONFH).
METHODS:
We designed a case-control study including 223 patients of osteonecrosis and 201 age- and sex-matched control subjects to analyze the association between ApoA5 polymorphisms and susceptibility of steroid-induced ONFH. We utilized polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method to genotype two SNPs (rs662799 and rs3135506) in ApoA5 gene.
RESULTS:
We found both rs662799 and rs3135506 were associated with the risk of ONFH in codominant, dominant, and recessive model, respectively. Haplotype analyses suggested that T-C haplotype was associated with decreased risk of ONFH, whereas the haplotype C-C was significantly associated with an increased risk of ONFH.
CONCLUSION:
Our study suggested that ApoA5 genetic polymorphisms were associated with susceptibility to ONFH in Chinese population. However, our results need further investigation with large sample size and various populations.
VIRTUAL SLIDES:
The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/13000_2014_229.
AuthorsYong Cui, Aihemaiti Kaisaierjiang, Peng Cao, Zhong-Yan Wu, Qing Lv
JournalDiagnostic pathology (Diagn Pathol) Vol. 9 Pg. 229 ( 2014) ISSN: 1746-1596 [Electronic] England
PMID25515090 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • APOA5 protein, human
  • Apolipoproteins A
  • Steroids
Topics
  • Adult
  • Apolipoproteins A (genetics)
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group (genetics)
  • Case-Control Studies
  • China (epidemiology)
  • Female
  • Femur Head Necrosis (chemically induced, ethnology, genetics)
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Haplotypes
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Phenotype
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Risk Factors
  • Steroids (adverse effects)

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