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HIV-related hematological malignancies: a concise review.

Abstract
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) and its consequence, AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) are responsible for a human tragedy of incalculable proportions. Patients afflicted by it are susceptible due to an early senescence of the immune system to opportunistic infections and malignancies. Since the introduction in 1996 of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART), the landscape of malignancies associated to HIV/AIDS has changed in a significant manner as a direct result of significant improvement in the morbidity, mortality and life expectancy of HIV infected patients. While there has been a significant decrease in developed countries of malignancies such as Kaposi's sarcoma and Primary CNS lymphomas associated to the pre-HAART HIV-related immunodeficiency, hematological malignancies, particularly non-Hodgkin lymphomas continue to be the most common cancer-related cause of death in HIV infected individuals. This concise review of the subject highlights aspects of the natural history of HIV disease as it relates to the cause of malignancies with emphasis in the management and treatment of HIV-related hematological malignancies.
AuthorsAdan Rios
JournalClinical lymphoma, myeloma & leukemia (Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk) Vol. 14 Suppl Pg. S96-103 (Sep 2014) ISSN: 2152-2669 [Electronic] United States
PMID25486964 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Review)
CopyrightCopyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Topics
  • Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active
  • HIV Infections (complications, drug therapy, epidemiology)
  • Hematologic Neoplasms (diagnosis, etiology, therapy)
  • Humans

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