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Improvement in the nutritional status and clinical conditions of patients with liver failure using a liver diet combined with a branched chain amino acids-enriched elemental diet.

AbstractBACKGROUND/AIMS:
This study was performed to evaluate any improvement in the nutritional state and clinical symptoms in patients with liver failure and advanced cirrhosis after consumption of a liver diet with restricted energy and protein, in combination with a branched chain amino acids (BCAA)-enriched elemental diet.
METHODOLOGY:
A BCAA-enriched elemental diet, in combination with a liver diet, characterized by restricted energy and protein, was administered in divided meals to 20 patients with liver failure associated with ascites or hepatic encephalopathy for 4 weeks.
RESULTS:
The symptom of ascites abated as a result of increased total serum protein and albumin levels after the nutritional intervention in comparison with baseline levels. Ammonia levels were slightly increased without exacerbating hepatic encephalopathy, and the protein nutrition state consequently improved.
CONCLUSIONS:
Divided meals of a BCAA-enriched elemental diet combined with a liver diet improved the nutritional state and clinical symptoms of patients with liver failure.
AuthorsShunichi Matsuoka, Akinori Tamura, Hirosi Nakagawara, Mitsuhiko Moriyama
JournalHepato-gastroenterology (Hepatogastroenterology) 2014 Jul-Aug Vol. 61 Issue 133 Pg. 1308-12 ISSN: 0172-6390 [Print] Greece
PMID25436302 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Amino Acids, Branched-Chain
  • Dietary Proteins
Topics
  • Aged
  • Amino Acids, Branched-Chain (administration & dosage)
  • Dietary Proteins (administration & dosage)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Liver Failure (diagnosis, diet therapy, physiopathology)
  • Male
  • Nutrition Assessment
  • Nutritional Status
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome

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