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Complexity of persistent type II endoleak associated with sac expansion after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

Abstract
Type II endoleak after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair still remains the Achilles' heel of the treatment, the source of which regularly is difficult to identify and treat. We present a patient with a persistent type II endoleak associated with a continuous aneurysm sac expansion after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair for which many diagnostic modalities were used during his follow-up such as duplex scan, computed tomography angiography and magnetic resonance angiography. Attempts were undertaken to treat the source of endoleak including coil micro-embolisation of lumbar arteries and subsequent open ligation of the inferior mesenteric artery, but they failed to eliminate the endoleak. Finally, a middle sacral artery was identified as the source of the endoleak. At that time, the patient was subjected to surgery for sigmoid carcinoma, and simultaneously, a ligation of the sacral artery was undertaken which eventually eliminated the endoleak completely. This case highlights that type II endoleak may be evoked by various sources and there can be a great difficulty to identify these feeding vessels; thus, careful planning for its management is mandatory.
AuthorsKonstantinos Spanos, Christos Rountas, Athanasios D Giannoukas
JournalVascular (Vascular) Vol. 23 Issue 6 Pg. 657-60 (Dec 2015) ISSN: 1708-539X [Electronic] England
PMID25427960 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Copyright© The Author(s) 2014.

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