Cytokeratin 20 expression in basaloid follicular hamartoma and infundibulocystic basal cell carcinoma.

Tumors with similar or identical histopathologic features have been termed basaloid follicular hamartoma (BFH) or infundibulocystic basal cell carcinoma (BCC). BCC typically lacks immunoreactivity with cytokeratin 20 (CK20) and pleckstrin homology-like domain, family A, member 1 protein (PHLDA1).
A series of BFH and infundibulocystic BCC were investigated to determine the pattern of CK20 and PHLDA1 labeling in these lesions.
Thirty-six samples of BFH (n = 14) and infundibulocystic BCC (n = 22) were collected. CK20 and PHLDA1 staining was performed and evaluated.
All the lesions were small (average of 3 mm), well circumscribed, and composed of basaloid to squamoid cells arranged in islands resembling ramifying rootlets with interspersed horn cysts. CK20-positive cells were present in all 36 cases (average, 22/mm(2)), throughout the tumor, including deeper portions, irrespective of original diagnosis. Six of thirty cases (20%; 5 infundibulocystic BCC, 1 BFH) were focally PHLDA1 positive.
Findings on hematoxylin and eosin staining and those of CK20 staining in BFH and infundibulocystic BCC were similar, and in most cases were indistinguishable. The CK20 labeling was similar to that of trichoepithelioma. The findings add a degree of support to the argument that BFH and infundibulocystic BCC represent the same lesion and, further, a benign one.
AuthorsHedieh Honarpisheh, Earl J Glusac, Christine J Ko
JournalJournal of cutaneous pathology (J Cutan Pathol) Vol. 41 Issue 12 Pg. 916-21 (Dec 2014) ISSN: 1600-0560 [Electronic] United States
PMID25353070 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Copyright© 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Chemical References
  • KRT20 protein, human
  • Keratin-20
  • PHLDA1 protein, human
  • Transcription Factors
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma, Basal Cell (diagnosis, metabolism, pathology)
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Hair Follicle (abnormalities, metabolism, pathology)
  • Hamartoma (diagnosis, metabolism, pathology)
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Keratin-20 (biosynthesis)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Skin Diseases, Genetic (diagnosis, metabolism, pathology)
  • Transcription Factors (biosynthesis)

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