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State of the art: Elbow arthroscopy: review of the literature and application for osteochondritis dissecans of the capitellum.

Abstract
Elbow arthroscopy has become a safe and effective treatment option for a number of elbow disorders. The most rewarding and successful indication is the removal of loose bodies. Loose bodies are often a result of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the capitellum, and arthroscopy in this case is useful for performing debridement, thereby eliminating the need for a more extensive open procedure associated with complications. In this review, we describe our arthroscopic technique for OCD of the capitellum. We usually conduct arthroscopy in the supine position, and use 2.9-mm arthroscopes of 30° and 70°. The 70° arthroscope provides a greater operative field than the 30° arthroscope. Arthroscopic treatment for OCD may require 2 anterior and 2 posterior portals. Loose bodies are commonly found in the radial fossa, coronoid fossa, and in the olecranon fossa. Once the loose bodies are removed, all unstable cartilage of the capitellum lesion is removed to create a stable bed. If any sclerotic changes to the lesion bed are observed, we create microfractures in the lesion bed. The most significant complication in arthroplasty is neurovascular injury. However, we have never experienced this devastating complication, which can be avoided by paying careful attention to detail.
AuthorsTetsuya Matsuura, Hiroshi Egawa, Mitsuhiko Takahashi, Kosaku Higashino, Toshinori Sakai, Naoto Suzue, Daisuke Hamada, Tomohiro Goto, Yoichiro Takata, Toshihiko Nishisho, Yuichiro Goda, Ryosuke Sato, Ichiro Tonogai, Kenji Kondo, Fumitake Tezuka, Kazuaki Mineta, Kosuke Sugiura, Makoto Takeuchi, Koichi Sairyo
JournalThe journal of medical investigation : JMI (J Med Invest) Vol. 61 Issue 3-4 Pg. 233-40 ( 2014) ISSN: 1349-6867 [Electronic] Japan
PMID25264040 (Publication Type: Journal Article)

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