CCAAT/enhancer binding protein α (C/EBPα)(+) M2 macrophages contribute to fibrosis in IgG4-related disease?

IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a new disease entity characterized by type 2 helper T (Th2)-dominant inflammation and progressive fibrosis. We found the infiltration of strange cell populations in the fibrotic lesions of submandibular gland specimens obtained from 15 patients with IgG4-RD. These cells expressed CCAAT/enhancer binding protein a (C/EBPα). Many of the cell populations were identified with M2 macrophages. The degrees of infiltration of C/EBPα(+)M2 macrophages and the ratio of fibrotic lesions in the specimens were correlated (r(2) = 0.83, p < 0.01). We also analyzed the expression of C/EBPα in other chronic inflammatory disorders: synovium in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), liver tissue in chronic viral hepatitis, and mucosa in ulcerative colitis. The specimens from RA and chronic viral hepatitis showed infiltration of C/EBPα(+) cells, but there were few C/EBPα-positive cells in ulcerative colitis. Fibrosis is not a major issue in ulcerative colitis. In conclusion, we found the remarkable infiltration of C/EBPα(+)M2 macrophages in cases of chronic inflammation with fibrosis, including IgG4-RD. This primitive study also disclosed that most of C/EBPα(+)M2 macrophages localized in fibrotic lesions, and the degree of the infiltration and the ratio of fibrotic area were correlated.
AuthorsMotohisa Yamamoto, Yui Shimizu, Hiroki Takahashi, Hidetaka Yajima, Yoshihiro Yokoyama, Keisuke Ishigami, Tetsuya Tabeya, Chisako Suzuki, Mikiko Matsui, Yasuyoshi Naishiro, Kohzon Imai, Yasuhisa Shinomura
JournalModern rheumatology / the Japan Rheumatism Association (Mod Rheumatol) Vol. 25 Issue 3 Pg. 484-6 (May 2015) ISSN: 1439-7609 [Electronic] Japan
PMID25180614 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)

Join CureHunter, for free Research Interface BASIC access!

Take advantage of free CureHunter research engine access to explore the best drug and treatment options for any disease. Find out why thousands of doctors, pharma researchers and patient activists around the world use CureHunter every day.
Realize the full power of the drug-disease research network!

Choose Username:
Verify Password: