Use of diagnostic imaging in the evaluation of gastrointestinal tract duplications.

Gastrointestinal tract duplication is a rare malformation associated with the presence of additional segment of the fetal gut. The aim of this study was to retrospectively review clinical features and imaging findings in intraoperatively confirmed cases of gastrointestinal tract duplication in children.
The analysis included own material from the years 2002-2012. The analyzed group included 14 children, among them 8 boys and 6 girls. The youngest patient was diagnosed at the age of three weeks, and the oldest at 12 years of age.
The duplication cysts were identified in the esophagus (n=2), stomach (n=5), duodenum (n=1), terminal ileum (n=5), and rectum (n=1). In four cases, the duplication coexisted with other anomalies, such as patent urachus, Meckel's diverticulum, mesenteric cyst, and accessory pancreas. Clinical manifestation of gastrointestinal duplication cysts was variable, and some of them were detected accidently. Thin- or thick-walled cystic structures adjacent to the wall of neighboring gastrointestinal segment were documented on diagnostic imaging.
Ultrasound and computed tomography are the methods of choice in the evaluation of gastrointestinal duplication cysts. Apart from the diagnosis of the duplication cyst, an important issue is the detection of concomitant developmental pathologies, including pancreatic heterotopy.
AuthorsKatarzyna Laskowska, Przemysław Gałązka, Irena Daniluk-Matraś, Waldemar Leszczyński, Zbigniew Serafin
JournalPolish journal of radiology / Polish Medical Society of Radiology (Pol J Radiol) Vol. 79 Pg. 243-50 ( 2014) ISSN: 1733-134X [Print] Poland
PMID25114725 (Publication Type: Journal Article)

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