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Role of intraoral distractors in management of cranial synostosis: An initial experience.

AbstractOBJECTIVE:
The objective of the following study is to evaluate the results of strip craniectomy with distraction osteogenesis, using the intraoral distractor devices, as a modality of treatment for craniosynostosis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Two cases of cranial synostosis were selected for this study. The cases were operated for strip craniectomy with distraction osteogenesis using a pair of miniaturized intraoral distractor devices. Distraction was carried out after a latency period of 4 days at a rate of 0.5 mm twice a day. Total separation of osteotomized segments achieved was in the range of 25-28 mm.
RESULTS:
Both patients were evaluated clinico-radiologically at 3, 6 and 12 months postoperatively. There was an increase in the occipital frontal circumference with improvement in the contour of the skull. Both the cases showed marked improvement of bowel habits, bladder control and cognitive behavior. Radiologically copper-beaten appearance reduced considerably suggesting improved intracranial pressure.
CONCLUSION:
Combination of distraction osteogenesis with strip craniectomy for the management of craniosynostosis is an effective treatment modality with promising results.
AuthorsNandakishor Sahoo, Indranil Deb Roy, Vishal Gupta, Ajay Premanand Desai
JournalAnnals of maxillofacial surgery (Ann Maxillofac Surg) Vol. 4 Issue 1 Pg. 24-9 (Jan 2014) ISSN: 2231-0746 [Print] India
PMID24987594 (Publication Type: Journal Article)

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