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Seed formation in triploid loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) through cross-hybridization with pollen of diploid cultivars.

Abstract
As the fruits of loquat (Eriobotrya japonica, 2n = 2x = 34) carry large seeds, the breeding of seedless loquat has long been a goal. The recent creation of triploid cultivars (2n = 3x = 51) and the application of gibberellins allow commercial production of seedless loquat, but the possibility of seed formation in triploid loquats has not been carefully investigated. Through crossing experiments and cytological observations of meiosis and pollen tube growth, we found that the triploid line 3N-N28 was essentially self-sterile, but developed seeds on pollination with pollen from diploid cultivars at rates of up to 5.5%. Almost half of the seedlings survived to 5 months, and carried diploid (2n = 34), tetraploid (2n = 68), or aneuploid chromosome numbers. Our results suggest that triploid loquat cultivars might retain the risk of seed formation. Protection from pollination by diploid cultivars or the development of new triploid cultivars will be necessary to ensure the production of seedless loquat fruits.
AuthorsShinji Kikuchi, Miwako Iwasuna, Aya Kobori, Yasunori Tsutaki, Akihiro Yoshida, Yuri Murota, Eisho Nishino, Hidenori Sassa, Takato Koba
JournalBreeding science (Breed Sci) Vol. 64 Issue 2 Pg. 176-82 (Jun 2014) ISSN: 1344-7610 [Print] Japan
PMID24987304 (Publication Type: Journal Article)

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