Gellan sulfate core platinum coil with tenascin-C promotes intra-aneurysmal organization in rats.

The aims of this study were to develop a new coil, gellan sulfate core platinum coil (GSCC), that delivers tenascin-C (TNC) to an aneurysm (GSCC-TNC) and to evaluate the effects on intra-aneurysmal organization. We performed in vitro adsorption tests of TNC to gellan sulfate (GS). GSCC-TNC was produced by immersing GSCC in TNC solution under the following conditions (TNC concentration 10, 50, or 100 μg/mL; TNC immersion time 15, 30, or 60 min) by monitoring intra-aneurysmal organization in a rat blind-ended aneurysm model. In addition, 20 rats randomly underwent implantation of a platinum coil or the GSCC-TNC produced under optimum conditions into an aneurysm, whose organization effects were compared in a blind fashion at 2 weeks post-surgery. GS demonstrated a high affinity to TNC in a dose-dependent fashion (affinity constant = 1.79 × 10(10) (M(-1))). GSCC immersed in 10 μg/mL of TNC solution for 30 and 60 min induced similar and better organization of aneurysmal cavity compared with that for 15 min (the ratio of the organized areas in an aneurysmal cavity-15 min, 27.2 ± 11.8 %; 30 min, 75.6 ± 11.9 %; 60 min, 82.6 ± 19.7 %, respectively) with the preservation of the aneurysmal wall structure, while higher TNC concentrations caused the destruction of the aneurysmal wall. GSCC-TNC produced under 10 μg/mL of TNC solution for 30 min showed a significantly better organization of aneurysms compared with bare platinum coils in rats. A newly developed coil, GSCC-TNC, may be effective for improving intra-aneurysmal organization after coil embolization.
AuthorsKazuhide Hamada, Yoichi Miura, Naoki Toma, Keiichi Miyamoto, Kyoko Imanaka-Yoshida, Satoshi Matsushima, Toshimichi Yoshida, Waro Taki, Hidenori Suzuki
JournalTranslational stroke research (Transl Stroke Res) Vol. 5 Issue 5 Pg. 595-603 (Oct 2014) ISSN: 1868-601X [Electronic] United States
PMID24939607 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Polysaccharides
  • Sulfuric Acid Esters
  • Tenascin
  • gellan sulfate
  • Platinum
  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Embolization, Therapeutic (instrumentation)
  • Intracranial Aneurysm (pathology, therapy)
  • Male
  • Platinum
  • Polysaccharides
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Sulfuric Acid Esters
  • Tenascin (administration & dosage, pharmacokinetics)

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