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Relationship between primary headache and nutrition: a questionnaire about dietary habits of patients with headache.

Abstract
The role of food associated with the headache has been the subject of scientific research since 1900, especially for migraine patients. A substantial proportion of patients (ranging from 12 to 60 %) report that their migraine attacks may be precipitated by dietary elements, certain eating habits (fasting) and abuse (caffeine and alcoholic beverages abuse and withdrawal). The biological mechanism by means of triggers in general and food in particular precipitate migraine attacks remains obscure. Based on the data in the literature, we performed an osservational study searching for possible correlations between nutrition and primary headaches. We enrolled 50 consecutive patients from the Headache Center of the Neurology Department of Hospital "Cardinal Massaia" of Asti and submitted them a 14-item questionnaire for the assessment of relationship between primary headache and food. Our preliminary data, although the follow up is still in progress, show that there are strong associations between the onset of the headache and dietary habits. It will be necessary to analyze a larger sample in order to draw more precise conclusions on this topic.
AuthorsM G Saracco, G Calabrese, M Cavallini, V Montano, B Rinaldi, W Valfrè, M Aguggia
JournalNeurological sciences : official journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology (Neurol Sci) Vol. 35 Suppl 1 Pg. 159-61 (May 2014) ISSN: 1590-3478 [Electronic] Italy
PMID24867856 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Observational Study)
Topics
  • Chronic Disease
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Food
  • Food Habits
  • Humans
  • Migraine Disorders (physiopathology)
  • Migraine with Aura (physiopathology)
  • Migraine without Aura (physiopathology)
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Tension-Type Headache (physiopathology)

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