Dose-dependent model of caffeine effects on human vigilance during total sleep deprivation.

Caffeine is the most widely consumed stimulant to counter sleep-loss effects. While the pharmacokinetics of caffeine in the body is well-understood, its alertness-restoring effects are still not well characterized. In fact, mathematical models capable of predicting the effects of varying doses of caffeine on objective measures of vigilance are not available. In this paper, we describe a phenomenological model of the dose-dependent effects of caffeine on psychomotor vigilance task (PVT) performance of sleep-deprived subjects. We used the two-process model of sleep regulation to quantify performance during sleep loss in the absence of caffeine and a dose-dependent multiplier factor derived from the Hill equation to model the effects of single and repeated caffeine doses. We developed and validated the model fits and predictions on PVT lapse (number of reaction times exceeding 500 ms) data from two separate laboratory studies. At the population-average level, the model captured the effects of a range of caffeine doses (50-300 mg), yielding up to a 90% improvement over the two-process model. Individual-specific caffeine models, on average, predicted the effects up to 23% better than population-average caffeine models. The proposed model serves as a useful tool for predicting the dose-dependent effects of caffeine on the PVT performance of sleep-deprived subjects and, therefore, can be used for determining caffeine doses that optimize the timing and duration of peak performance.
AuthorsSridhar Ramakrishnan, Srinivas Laxminarayan, Nancy J Wesensten, Gary H Kamimori, Thomas J Balkin, Jaques Reifman
JournalJournal of theoretical biology (J Theor Biol) Vol. 358 Pg. 11-24 (Oct 7 2014) ISSN: 1095-8541 [Electronic] England
PMID24859426 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.)
CopyrightPublished by Elsevier Ltd.
Chemical References
  • Caffeine
  • Attention (drug effects)
  • Caffeine (administration & dosage, pharmacology)
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Humans
  • Sleep Deprivation (physiopathology)

Join CureHunter, for free Research Interface BASIC access!

Take advantage of free CureHunter research engine access to explore the best drug and treatment options for any disease. Find out why thousands of doctors, pharma researchers and patient activists around the world use CureHunter every day.
Realize the full power of the drug-disease research network!

Choose Username:
Verify Password: