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The acoustic radiation force impulse elastography evaluation of liver fibrosis in posttransplantation dysfunction of living donor liver transplantation.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
The acoustic radiation force impulse elastography (ARFI) is a new technology of elastography integrated into B-mode ultrasonography. It has been a reliable method to evaluate liver fibrosis of chronic liver disease in recent years, but less applied in the posttransplantation liver. The aim of the study was to evaluate liver fibrosis by the ARFI with correlation of pathological stages in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT).
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
From August 2010 to August 2012, there were 57 LDLT patients with liver biopsy (LB) due to posttransplantation dysfunction; all patients also received posttransplantation ARFI liver stiffness measurement (LSM) after transplantation for liver fibrosis staging. The ARFI elastography was performed using a Siemens Acuson S2000 ultrasound system with 4V1 transducers (Acusion, Siemens Medical Systems Co. Ltd. Erlangen, Germany). The ARFI LSM value was presented by shear wave velocity (SWV, m/s). The fibrosis staging as F0 to F4 was in accordance with the Metavir scoring system.
RESULTS:
A total of 57 patients had both posttransplantation LB and effective ARFI fibrosis staging for correlation. The ARFI LSM value increased with severity of liver fibrosis and had significant linear correlation with the results of histological fibrosis staging. The ARFI LSM sensitivities (Se), specificities (Sp), and cutoff values based on receiver-operator characteristic curve were F0: 0.75 m/s (Se: 93.8%, Sp: 4%), F1: 1.06 m/s (Se: 95.5%, Sp: 25.7%), F2: 1.81 m/s (Se: 50%, Sp: 83.6%) and F3: 2.33 m/s (Se: 100%, Sp: 92.9%). Predictive value of ARFI LSM reported a significant difference between early fibrosis stage (F0-F1) and advanced fibrosis stage (F ≧ 2) (P < .05).
CONCLUSION:
In this study, ARFI demonstrated a strong linear correlation and severity of liver fibrosis with LB pathologic staging. ARFI can be an alternative and compensatory method for frequent LB in the posttransplantation liver.
AuthorsC C Liao, T Y Chen, L C Tsang, S Y Ou, C Y Yu, H W Hsu, Y F Cheng, K W Chiu, H L Eng, C L Chen, T L Huang
JournalTransplantation proceedings (Transplant Proc) Vol. 46 Issue 3 Pg. 876-9 (Apr 2014) ISSN: 1873-2623 [Electronic] United States
PMID24767370 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
CopyrightCopyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Topics
  • Acoustics
  • Elasticity Imaging Techniques
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Liver Cirrhosis (etiology)
  • Liver Transplantation (adverse effects)
  • Living Donors
  • Male
  • Middle Aged

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