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Bacterial DNA translocation holds increased insulin resistance and systemic inflammatory levels in morbid obese patients.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
Morbidly obese patients show several common comorbidities associated with immunological alterations such as a sustained low-level proinflammatory profile. Bacterial product translocation is frequent in inflammation-related diseases and may aggravate patients' clinical outcome.
DESIGN:
Consecutively admitted morbidly obese patients who presented indications for bariatric surgery were studied. Before surgery, patients were subjected to a modified fasting diet. Patients underwent surgery by sleeve gastrectomy or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Clinical and analytical parameters were recorded. Blood samples were collected at baseline, at the end of a 3-month modified fasting period, and 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. Serum cytokine and endotoxin levels were evaluated by flow cytometry and ELISA, respectively. Bacterial DNA was identified in blood by broad-range PCR of prokaryote 16SrRNA gene and partial sequencing analysis.
RESULTS:
Fifty-eight patients were included in the study. All patients showed a significantly reduced weight and body mass index at each time-point. Postoperative mortality was null. Bacterial DNA translocation rate was 32.8% (19 of 58) at baseline; 13.8% (8 of 58) after the modified fasting period; and 13.8% (8 of 58), 1.8% (1 of 58), and 5.2% (3 of 58) at 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. Proinflammatory cytokines, serum endotoxin levels, and insulin resistance remained increased in patients with bacterial DNA despite weight loss and were individually affected by the appearance/clearance of bacterial DNA in blood. Multivariate analyses revealed bacterial DNA as an independent significant factor, explaining the systemic cytokine response and the insulin resistance levels in the studied population.
CONCLUSION:
Bacterial DNA translocation holds increased insulin resistance and systemic inflammatory levels in morbidly obese patients despite significant weight loss.
AuthorsSergio Ortiz, Pedro Zapater, José Luis Estrada, Pablo Enriquez, Monica Rey, Angel Abad, José Such, Félix Lluis, Rubén Francés
JournalThe Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism (J Clin Endocrinol Metab) Vol. 99 Issue 7 Pg. 2575-83 (Jul 2014) ISSN: 1945-7197 [Electronic] United States
PMID24735424 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Cytokines
  • DNA, Bacterial
Topics
  • Adult
  • Bacterial Translocation
  • Bariatric Surgery
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cytokines (blood)
  • DNA, Bacterial (blood, metabolism)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inflammation (blood, microbiology)
  • Insulin Resistance (immunology)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity, Morbid (blood, diagnosis, surgery)
  • Postoperative Period
  • Weight Loss

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